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佐治亚州 - 美国佐治亚州 免费编辑 修改义项名

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佐治亚州(Georgia,简称GA),又译乔治亚州,美国东南部7个州之一。北接田纳西州北卡罗来纳州,南邻佛罗里达州,东北与南卡罗来纳州接壤,东南临大西洋,西毗亚拉巴马州。其面积152488平方公里,人口969万。首府亚特兰大

佐治亚州的州鸟是棕色长尾鸟。州花是查拉几玫瑰。1996年亚特兰大奥运会在这里举办。

基本信息

  • 中文名称

    佐治亚州

  • 外文名称

    Georgia

  • 别名

    南方帝国州

  • 行政区类别

  • 所属地区

    美国东南部

  • 地理位置

    密西西比河以东

  • 面积

    152488 km²

  • 下辖地区

    亚特兰大、梅肯、萨凡纳等

  • 邮政区码

    GA

折叠 编辑本段 历史沿革

佐治亚州早期为印第安人聚居地,[10] 最初为西班牙人发现佐治亚州州徽佐治亚州州徽。1733年英国移民于此地开垦,是英国最初在北美建立的第13个殖民地,以英王乔治二世的名字命名。

1788年佐治亚批准了联邦宪法,成为第四个加入美利坚合众国的州。

1861年初脱离联邦,成为南方邦联的最初成员之一,是美国内战的主要战场。

1870年重新并入联邦。[8]

折叠 编辑本段 行政区划

亚特兰大是该州首府。该州有159个县,每个县有一个县府和多个市。[2]

CountyFIPS codeCounty seatEstablishedOriginEtymologyDensityPopulationAreaMap
Appling County001Baxley1818Land ceded by theCreek Indiansin theTreaty of Fort Jacksonin 1814 and the Treaty of the Creek Agency in 1818.ColonelDaniel Appling(1787 – 1818), a hero of theWar of 1812.36.0918,368509sqmi
(1,318km)
Atkinson County003Pearson1917Clinch and Coffee CountiesWilliam Yates Atkinson(1854 – 99),governor of Georgia(1894 – 98) and speaker of theGeorgia House of Representatives.24.518,284338sqmi
(875km)
Bacon County005Alma1914Appling, Pierce and Ware CountiesAugustus Octavius Bacon(1839 – 1914), a U.S. Senator (1895 – 1914) andPresident pro tempore of the United States Senate.39.2911,198285sqmi
(738km)
Baker County007Newton1825Early CountyColonel John Baker (died 1792), a hero of theAmerican Revolutionary War.9.813,366343sqmi
(888km)
Baldwin County009Milledgeville1803Creek cessions of 1802 and 1805.Abraham Baldwin(1754 – 1807), aFounding Father, a U.S. Senator (1799 – 1807), one of the Georgia delegates who signed theU.S. Constitution.179.7246,367258sqmi
(668km)
Banks County011Homer1858Franklin and Habersham CountiesDr.Richard Banks(1784 – 1850), a local physician noted for treating natives with smallpox.78.2718,316234sqmi
(606km)
Barrow County013Winder1914Gwinnett, Jackson and Walton counties."Uncle Dave"David Crenshaw Barrow Jr.(1852 – 1929), thechancellorof theUniversity of Georgia(1906 – 29).433.1470,169162sqmi
(420km)
Bartow County015Cartersville1832Created from a portion of Cherokee County in 1832 and originally called Cass County after GeneralLewis Cass.GeneralFrancis S. Bartow(1816 – 61),Confederatepolitical leader, and the first Confederate general killed in theAmerican Civil War.218.83100,661460sqmi
(1,191km)
Ben Hill County017Fitzgerald1906Irwin and Wilcox counties.Benjamin Harvey Hill(1823 – 82), a U.S. Senator (1877 – 82).69.6017,538252sqmi
(653km)
Berrien County019Nashville1856Coffee, Irwin, and Lowndes counties.John MacPherson Berrien(1781 – 1856), a U.S. Senator and theU.S. Attorney General.42.1319,041452sqmi
(1,171km)
Bibb County021Macon1822portions of Houston, Jones, Monroe, and Twiggs counties.Dr.William Wyatt Bibb(1780 – 1820), the firstGovernor of Alabamaand a U.S. Senator.625.85156,462250sqmi
(647km)
Bleckley County023Cochran1912Pulaski County.Logan Edwin Bleckley(1827 – 1907),Georgia State Supreme CourtChief Justice.59.5112,913217sqmi
(562km)
Brantley County025Nahunta1920Charlton, Pierce, and Wayne counties.William Gordon Brantley(1860 – 1934), U.S. Congressman.41.8618,587444sqmi
(1,150km)
Brooks County027Quitman1858Lowndes and Thomas countiesCaptainPreston S. Brooks(1819 – 57), a hero of theMexican–American WarandCongressmanfromSouth Carolina.31.1815,403494sqmi
(1,279km)
Bryan County029Pembroke1793Chatham CountyJonathan Bryan (1708 – 88), a colonial settler and famous state representative.72.8832,214442sqmi
(1,145km)
Bulloch County031Statesboro1796Bryan and Screven CountiesArchibald Bulloch(1729 – 77),Revolutionary Warsoldier, Speaker of theGeorgia House of Representatives, and actinggovernorof Georgia (1775 – 77).106.4372,694683sqmi
(1,769km)
Burke County033Waynesboro1777Originally organized as St George Parish.Edmund Burke(1729 – 97), British political philosopher andMember of Parliamentwho was sympathetic to the cause of US independence.27.8323,125831sqmi
(2,152km)
Butts County035Jackson1825Henry and Monroe counties.CaptainSamuel Butts(1777 – 1814), a hero of theCreek War.125.8023,524187sqmi
(484km)
Calhoun County037Morgan1854Early and Baker counties.John C. Calhoun(1782 – 1850), a U.S. Congressman, a U.S. Senator, andVice President of the United StatesfromSouth Carolina.23.236,504280sqmi
(725km)
Camden County039Woodbine1777St Mary and St Thomas Parishes.SirCharles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden(1714 – 94),Lord ChancellorofGreat Britainwho was sympathetic to the cause of the Revolution.81.5951,402630sqmi
(1,632km)
Candler County043Metter1914Bulloch, Emanuel and Tattnall counties.Allen Daniel Candler(1834 – 1910), state legislator, U.S. Congressman and theGovernorof Georgia (1898 – 1902).45.0111,117247sqmi
(640km)
Carroll County045Carrollton1826Created by the state legislature from lands ceded by the Creek Indians in 1825 in theTreaty of Indian Springs.Charles Carroll(1737 – 1832), the last surviving signer of theDeclaration of Independence.223.61111,580499sqmi
(1,292km)
Catoosa County047Ringgold1853Walker and Whitfield counties.Chief Catoosa, aCherokeechief.401.5265,046162sqmi
(420km)
Charlton County049Folkston1854Camden County.Robert Milledge Charlton(1807 – 54), a jurist, a U.S. Senator (1852 – 54), and the mayor ofSavannah.17.0213,295781sqmi
(2,023km)
Chatham County051Savannah1777Christ Church and St Philip Parishes.William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham(1708 – 78),British Prime Ministersympathetic to the Revolutionary cause.628.26276,434440sqmi
(1,140km)
Chattahoochee County053Cusseta1854Muscogee and Marion counties.Chattahoochee River, which forms the county's (and the state's) western border.52.3613,037249sqmi
(645km)
Chattooga County055Summerville1838Walker and Floyd counties.Chattooga River.81.9325,725314sqmi
(813km)
Cherokee County057Canton1831Cherokee Cession of 1831.CherokeeNation, which controlled this part of the state autonomously until 1831.521.97221,315424sqmi
(1,098km)
Clarke County059Athens1801Jackson County.Elijah Clarke(1733 – 99), a Revolutionary War hero.993.93120,266121sqmi
(313km)
Clay County061Fort Gaines1854Randolph and Early counties.Henry Clay(1777 – 1852), theSecretary of State, theSpeaker of the House of Representatives, and a U.S. Senator from Kentucky.15.983,116195sqmi
(505km)
Clayton County063Jonesboro1858Fayette and Henry counties.Augustin Smith Clayton(1783 – 1839), a local jurist and U.S. Congressman.1,859.36265,888143sqmi
(370km)
Clinch County065Homerville1850Lowndes and Ware counties.GeneralDuncan Lamont Clinch(1784 – 1849), a hero of theWar of 1812and theSeminole War, and a U.S. Congressman.8.306,718809sqmi
(2,095km)
Cobb County067Marietta1832Cherokee CountyColonelThomas Willis Cobb(1784 – 1835), a hero of theWar of 1812and a U.S. Congressman.2,080.71707,442340sqmi
(881km)
Coffee County069Douglas1854Clinch, Irwin, Telfair and Ware counties.GeneralJohn E. Coffee(1782 – 1836), a hero of theWar of 1812.72.0743,170599sqmi
(1,551km)
Colquitt County071Moultrie1856Thomas and Lowndes counties.Walter Terry Colquitt(1799 – 1855), a Methodist pastor and a U.S. Senator.83.5846,137552sqmi
(1,430km)
Columbia County073Appling1790Richmond CountyChristopher Columbus(1446 – 1506), explorer.453.89131,627290sqmi
(751km)
Cook County075Adel1918Berrien County.GeneralPhilip Cook(1817 – 94),Confederategeneral andsecretary of state.73.9016,923229sqmi
(593km)
Coweta County077Newnan1826Created on Creek lands ceded in 1825 in the treaty of Indian Springs and Creek Cessions of 1826.Coweta tribe of theCreekNation and their village near Columbus.295.55130,929443sqmi
(1,147km)
Crawford County079Knoxville1822Houston County.William Harris Crawford(1772 – 1834), a U.S. Senator, an ambassador to France, and theSecretary of the Treasury.38.7712,600325sqmi
(842km)
Crisp County081Cordele1905Dooly County.Charles Frederick Crisp(1845 – 96),Speaker of the House of Representatives.86.1523,606274sqmi
(710km)
Dade County083Trenton1837Walker County.MajorFrancis L. Dade(1793 – 1835), a hero of theSeminole War.94.7716,490174sqmi
(451km)
Dawson County085Dawsonville1857Gilmer and Lumpkin counties.William Crosby Dawson(1798 – 1857), a U.S. Senator (1849 – 55), and a state legislator.206.2722,422211sqmi
(546km)
Decatur County087Bainbridge1823Early County.CommodoreStephen Decatur(1779 – 1820), a naval hero of the actions against theBarbary Piratesin the early 19th century.46.0827,509597sqmi
(1,546km)
DeKalb County089Decatur1822Henry, Gwinnett, and Fayette counties."Baron"Johann DeKalb(1721 – 80) a German who accompanied theMarquis de Lafayetteand was inspector general of the Colonial Army.2,638.39707,089268sqmi
(694km)
Dodge County091Eastman1870Montgomery, Pulaski and Telfair counties.William Earle Dodge(1805 – 1883), a temperance leader and businessman from [New York, and a cofounder ofPhelps, Dodge, and Company, a mining and metals company.42.5721,329501sqmi
(1,298km)
Dooly County093Vienna1821Creek Cession of 1821.ColonelJohn Dooly(1740 – 80), a hero of theAmerican Revolution.36.4314,318393sqmi
(1,018km)
Dougherty County095Albany1853Baker County.Charles Dougherty(1801 – 53), a noted judge fromAthens, Georgia.286.3794,501330sqmi
(855km)
Douglas County097Douglasville1870Campbell and Carroll counties.Stephen Arnold Douglas(1813 – 61), anIllinoisDemocraticCongressman who ran againstAbraham Lincolnin theUnited States presidential election, 1860and lost.673.22133,971199sqmi
(515km)
Early County099Blakely1818Creek Cession of 1814.Peter Early(1773 – 1817), the tenthgovernorof Georgia.20.7310,594511sqmi
(1,323km)
Echols County101Statenville1858Clinch and Lowndes CountiesGeneral Robert M. Echols(1798 – 1847), a state legislator and a hero of theMexican-American War.9.873,988404sqmi
(1,046km)
Effingham County103Springfield1777St Mathew and St Philip Parishes.Thomas Howard, the ThirdEarl of Effingham(1746–1791), who was sympathetic with the independence movement.111.0353,293480sqmi
(1,243km)
Elbert County105Elberton1790Wilkes CountySamuel Elbert(1740 – 88) a general in theRevolutionary War, who became thegovernorof Georgia in 178553.3419,684369sqmi
(956km)
Emanuel County107Swainsboro1812Bulloch and Montgomery CountiesColonelDavid Emanuel(1744 – 1808), who became thegovernorof Georgia in 1801.33.3822,898686sqmi
(1,777km)
Evans County109Claxton1914Bulloch and Tattnall CountyGeneralClement Anselm Evans(1832 – 1911), a hero of theWar between the Statesand the commander in chief of theUnited Confederate Veterans.57.7810,689185sqmi
(479km)
Fannin County111Blue Ridge1854Gilmer and Union CountiesColonelJames Walker Fannin Jr.(1809 – 36), a hero of theTexas Revolution.60.8623,492386sqmi
(1,000km)
Fayette County113Fayetteville1821Creek Cession of 1821.Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette(1757 – 1834), a French hero of theRevolutionary War.545.81107,524197sqmi
(510km)
Floyd County115Rome1832Cherokee CountyGeneralJohn Floyd(1769 – 1839), soldier and a U.S. Congressman.187.4896,177513sqmi
(1,329km)
Forsyth County117Cumming1832Cherokee CountyJohn Forsyth(1780 – 1841),Secretary of Stateunder PresidentMartin Van Buren.831.54187,928226sqmi
(585km)
Franklin County119Carnesville1784Cherokee and Creek Cessions of 1783Benjamin Franklin(1706–1790), writer, inventor, publisher, and aFounding Fatherof the United States.83.2521,894263sqmi
(681km)
Fulton County121Atlanta1853DeKalb County + the former Campbell and Milton Counties and a portion of Cobb CountyRobert Fulton, an engineer and the inventor of thesteamboat.1,848.34977,773529sqmi
(1,370km)
Gilmer County123Ellijay1832Cherokee CountyGeorge Rockingham Gilmer(1780 – 1859), 16thgovernorof Georgia.66.0228,190427sqmi
(1,106km)
Glascock County125Gibson1857Warren CountyGeneralThomas Glascock(1780 – 1841), a hero of theWar of 1812and theSeminole Warof 1817, and a U.S. Congressman.21.823,142144sqmi
(373km)
Glynn County127Brunswick1777St David and St Patrick ParishesJohn Glynn(1722 – 79), BritishMember of ParliamentandSerjeant-at-law, who was sympathetic with the cause of American independence.192.0081,022422sqmi
(1,093km)
Gordon County129Calhoun1850Cass (now Bartow) and Floyd CountiesWilliam Washington Gordon(1796–1842), first president of theCentral of Georgia Railroad.157.0955,766355sqmi
(919km)
Grady County131Cairo1905Decatur and Thomas CountiesHenry Woodfin Grady(1850 – 89), famous orator and managing editor of theAtlanta Constitution.55.5525,440458sqmi
(1,186km)
Greene County133Greensboro1786Washington CountyGeneralNathanael Greene(1742 – 86), a hero of theRevolutionary War.41.4716,092388sqmi
(1,005km)
Gwinnett County135Lawrenceville1818Cherokee Cession of 1817 and Creek Cession of 1818.Button Gwinnett(1735–1777), one of Georgia's delegates to theContinental Congresswho signed theDeclaration of Independence.1,944.68842,046433sqmi
(1,121km)
Habersham County137Clarkesville1818Cherokee Cessions of 1817 and 1819ColonelJoseph Habersham(1751 – 1815), a hero of theRevolutionary WarandU.S. Postmaster Generalin the Cabinet ofGeorge Washington.156.5543,520278sqmi
(720km)
Hall County139Gainesville1818Cherokee Cessions of 1817 and 1819Dr.Lyman Hall(1724 – 90), one of Georgia's delegates to theContinental Congresswho signed theDeclaration of Independence. He became thegovernorof Georgia in 1783.470.60185,416394sqmi
(1,020km)
Hancock County141Sparta1793Greene and Washington countiesJohn Hancock(1737 – 93), President of theContinental Congressand the first signer of theDeclaration of Independence.19.028,996473sqmi
(1,225km)
Haralson County143Buchanan1856Carroll and Polk CountiesGeneralHugh Anderson Haralson(1805 – 54), U.S. Congressman.100.7128,400282sqmi
(730km)
Harris County145Hamilton1827Muscogee and Troup countiesCharles Harris (1772 – 1827), a prominent attorney fromSavannah.70.1532,550464sqmi
(1,202km)
Hart County147Hartwell1853Elbert and Franklin countiesNancy Morgan Hart(1735 – 1830), a heroine of theRevolutionary War.110.0025,518232sqmi
(601km)
Heard County149Franklin1830Carroll, Coweta and Troup CountiesStephen Heard(1740 – 1815), a hero of theRevolutionary War.39.3011,633296sqmi
(767km)
Henry County151McDonough1821Creek Cession of 1821Patrick Henry(1736 – 99), prominent lawyer, orator, and aFounding Fatherof the United States.647.22209,053323sqmi
(837km)
Houston County153Perry1821Creek Cession of 1821John Houstoun(1744–1796), member of theContinental Congresswho becamegovernorof Georgia in 1778.387.63146,136377sqmi
(976km)
Irwin County155Ocilla1818Creek Cessions of 1814 and 1818Jared Irwin(1751 – 1818), thegovernorwho rescinded theYazoo Actin 1796.26.899,600357sqmi
(925km)
Jackson County157Jefferson1796Franklin CountyGeneralJames Jackson(1757 – 1806), a hero of theRevolutionary War.177.1160,571342sqmi
(886km)
Jasper County159Monticello1807Baldwin (FKA Randolph County 1807 – 12)SergeantWilliam Jasper(1750–1779), a hero of theRevolutionary War.36.8413,630370sqmi
(958km)
Jeff Davis County161Hazlehurst1905Appling and Coffee countiesJefferson Davis(1808 – 89), the first and onlyPresident of the Confederate States of America.45.5115,156333sqmi
(862km)
Jefferson County163Louisville1796Burke and Warren CountiesThomas Jefferson(1743 – 1826), thirdPresident of the United States.31.1216,432528sqmi
(1,368km)
Jenkins County165Millen1905Bulloch, Burke, Emanuel, and Screven CountiesCharles Jones Jenkins(1805 – 83),governorof Georgia, who was the author of the famousGeorgia Platformof 1850.26.329,213350sqmi
(906km)
Johnson County167Wrightsville1858Emanuel, Laurens and Washington countiesHerschel Vespasian Johnson(1812 – 80), a U.S. Senator and theGovernor of Georgia.32.569,897304sqmi
(787km)
Jones County169Gray1807Baldwin CountyJames Jones(1769 – 1801), a U.S. Congressman.72.5328,577394sqmi
(1,020km)
Lamar County171Barnesville1920Monroe and Pike CountiesLucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar(1825 – 93), a U.S. Senator and an Associate Justice of theU.S. Supreme Court.97.6118,057185sqmi
(479km)
Lanier County173Lakeland1920Berrien, Clinch and Lowndes CountriesSidney Lanier(1842–1881), famous attorney, linguist, mathematician,and musician.55.6110,400187sqmi
(484km)
Laurens County175Dublin1807Wilkinson CountyColonelJohn Laurens(1754 – 82), an aide toGeorge Washingtonduring theRevolutionary War.59.0948,041813sqmi
(2,106km)
Lee County177Leesburg1826Creek Cessions of 1826GeneralRichard Henry Lee(1732–1794), a hero of theRevolutionary War.80.7528,746356sqmi
(922km)
Liberty County179Hinesville1777St Andrew, St James, and St John ParishesNamed in honor of the noted patriotism of the citizens ofMidwayin their support of the cause of colonial independence.126.1565,471519sqmi
(1,344km)
Lincoln County181Lincolnton1796Wilkes CountyGeneralBenjamin Lincoln(1733 – 1810), a hero of theRevolutionary Warwho was later assigned to the suppression ofShays' Rebellion.36.677,737211sqmi
(546km)
Long County183Ludowici1920Liberty CountyDr.Crawford Williamson Long(1815 – 78), in 1842 the first man to usediethyl etheras ananestheticfor dental surgery.40.0216,048401sqmi
(1,039km)
Lowndes County185Valdosta1825Irwin CountyWilliam Jones Lowndes (1782 – 1822), a prominent figure in the affairs ofSouth Carolinathroughout the formative years of the United States.227.29114,552504sqmi
(1,305km)
Lumpkin County187Dahlonega1832Cherokee, Habersham, and Hall CountiesWilson Lumpkin(1783 – 1870), theGovernor of Georgiaand a U.S. Senator.107.7930,611284sqmi
(736km)
Macon County193Oglethorpe1837Houston and Marion CountiesGeneralNathaniel Macon(1758 – 1837), Speaker of the House of Representatives and a U.S. Senator.35.3914,263403sqmi
(1,044km)
Madison County195Danielsville1811Clarke, Elbert, Franklin, Jackson and Oglethorpe CountiesJames Madison(1751 – 1836), the fourthPresident of the United Statesand the chief writer of theU.S. Constitution.98.3227,922284sqmi
(736km)
Marion County197Buena Vista1827Lee and Muscogee CountiesGeneralFrancis Marion(1732 – 95), the "Swamp Fox," a hero of theRevolutionary War.23.748,711367sqmi
(951km)
McDuffie County189Thomson1870Columbia and WarrenGeorge McDuffie(1790 – 1851), famous orator andgovernor of South Carolina.83.3221,663260sqmi
(673km)
McIntosh County191Darien1793Liberty CountyGeneralLachlan McIntosh(1727 – 1806), a hero of theRevolutionary War.31.8913,839434sqmi
(1,124km)
Meriwether County199Greenville1827Formed from Troup CountyGeneralDavid Meriwether(1755 – 1822), a hero of theRevolutionary Warand a U.S. Congressman.42.2921,273503sqmi
(1,303km)
Miller County201Colquitt1856Baker and Early CountiesAndrew Jackson Miller (1806 – 56), president of theMedical College of Georgia.21.095,969283sqmi
(733km)
Mitchell County205Camilla1857Baker CountyGen. Henry Mitchell (1760 – 1839), a hero of theRevolutionary War.45.2023,144512sqmi
(1,326km)
Monroe County207Forsyth1821Creek Cession of 1821James Monroe(1758 – 1831), the fifthPresident of the United Statesand the creator of theMonroe Doctrineof 1823.67.2726,637396sqmi
(1,026km)
Montgomery County209Mount Vernon1793Washington CountyGeneralRichard Montgomery(1738 – 75), hero of theRevolutionary War.36.388,913245sqmi
(635km)
Morgan County211Madison1807Baldwin CountyGeneralDaniel Morgan(1736 – 1802), a hero of theRevolutionary Warand U.S. Congressman.51.0917,881350sqmi
(906km)
Murray County213Chatsworth1832Cherokee CountyThomas W. Murray (1790 – 1832), famousstate legislator.114.5139,392344sqmi
(891km)
Muscogee County215Columbus1826Creek Cession of 1826Muskogeeethnic group, to which theCreekandSeminoleNations belong.918.58198,413216sqmi
(559km)
Newton County217Covington1821Henry, Jasper, and Walton CountiesSergeantJohn Newton(1755 – 80), a hero of theRevolutionary War.367.77101,505276sqmi
(715km)
Oconee County219Watkinsville1875Clarke CountyOconee River, which forms its eastern boundary.180.7433,619186sqmi
(482km)
Oglethorpe County221Lexington1793Wilkes CountyGeneralJames Edward Oglethorpe(1696 – 1785), the founder of the Colony of Georgia.33.1514,618441sqmi
(1,142km)
Paulding County223Dallas1832Cherokee CountyJohn Paulding (1759 – 1818), a hero of theRevolutionary War.461.15144,800314sqmi
(813km)
Peach County225Fort Valley1924Houston and Macon CountiesIts location inCentral Georgiais one of the richest peach-producing regions in the country.182.9327,622151sqmi
(391km)
Pickens County227Jasper1853Cherokee and Gilmer countiesGeneralAndrew Pickens(1739 – 1817), a hero of theRevolutionary Warand U.S. Congressman.126.1629,268232sqmi
(601km)
Pierce County229Blackshear1857Appling and Ware CountiesFranklin Pierce(1804–1869), fourteenthPresident of the United States.54.9418,844343sqmi
(888km)
Pike County231Zebulon1822Monroe CountyGeneralZebulon Pike(1779 – 1813), explorer and a hero of theWar of 1812.81.7017,810218sqmi
(565km)
Polk County233Cedartown1851Floyd and Paulding CountiesJames Knox Polk(1795 – 1849), eleventhPresident of the United States.132.4441,188311sqmi
(805km)
Pulaski County235Hawkinsville1808Laurens CountyCountKazimierz PułaskiofPoland(1748 – 79), a hero of theRevolutionary War.47.4511,720247sqmi
(640km)
Putnam County237Eatonton1807Baldwin CountyGeneralIsrael Putnam(1718 – 90), a hero of theRevolutionary War.61.6221,198344sqmi
(891km)
Quitman County239Georgetown1858Randolph and Stewart countiesGeneralJohn Anthony Quitman(1799 – 1858), a hero of theMexican-American War.15.822,404152sqmi
(394km)
Rabun County241Clayton1819Cherokee Cession of 1819William Rabun(1771 – 1819),Governor of Georgia(1817 – 19).43.9316,297371sqmi
(961km)
Randolph County243Cuthbert1828Lee CountyJohn Randolph of Roanoke(1773 – 1833), a U.S. Congressman.17.087,327429sqmi
(1,111km)
Richmond County245Augusta1777St Paul ParishCharles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond(1735 – 1806), who was sympathetic to the cause of colonial independence.625.27202,587324sqmi
(839km)
Rockdale County247Conyers1870Henry and Newton countiesRockdale Church, which was so named for the subterranean bed ofgranitethat underlies this region of the state.655.1185,820131sqmi
(339km)
Schley County249Ellaville1857Marion and Sumter countiesWilliam Schley(1786 – 1858),governor of Georgia(1835 – 37).29.704,990168sqmi
(435km)
Screven County251Sylvania1793Burke and Effingham CountiesGeneral James Screven (1744–1778), a hero of theRevolutionary War.21.9214,202648sqmi
(1,678km)
Seminole County253Donalsonville1920Decatur and Early CountiesSeminoleNation37.598,947238sqmi
(616km)
Spalding County255Griffin1851Fayette, Henry, and Pike CountyThomas Spalding(1774 – 1851), U.S. Congressman, state legislator, and agriculturalist322.5563,865198sqmi
(513km)
Stephens County257Toccoa1905Franklin and Habersham CountiesAlexander Stephens(1812 – 83), a U.S. Congressman, theGovernor of Georgia, and the first and only Vice President of theConfederate States of America.144.6425,891179sqmi
(464km)
Stewart County259Lumpkin1830Randolph CountyGeneralDaniel Stewart(1759 – 1829), a hero of theRevolutionary Warand theWar of 1812.13.166,042459sqmi
(1,189km)
Sumter County261Americus1831Lee CountyGeneralThomas Sumter(1734 – 1832), the "Fighting Gamecock," a hero of theRevolutionary War.65.0631,554485sqmi
(1,256km)
Talbot County263Talbotton1827Muscogee CountyMatthew Talbot(1762 – 1827), served in theGeorgia State Senatefor 15 years, including two years as the President of the Senate, and theGovernor of Georgiafor two weeks in 1819.16.586,517393sqmi
(1,018km)
Taliaferro County265Crawfordville1825Greene, Hancock, Oglethorpe, Warren, and Wilkes CountiesColonelBenjamin Taliaferro(1750 – 1821), a U.S. Congressman and a hero of theRevolutionary War.8.621,680195sqmi
(505km)
Tattnall County267Reidsville1801Montgomery CountyJosiah Tattnall(1764 – 1803), a U.S. Senator and theGovernor of Georgia.52.4525,384484sqmi
(1,254km)
Taylor County269Butler1852Macon, Marion and Talbot CountiesZachary Taylor(1784 – 1850), the twelfthPresident of the United States.22.288,420378sqmi
(979km)
Telfair County271McRae1807Wilkinson CountyEdward Telfair(1735 – 1807), the secondGovernor of Georgiafollowing the establishment of the United States.37.0716,349441sqmi
(1,142km)
Terrell County273Dawson1856Lee and Randolph CountiesDr.William Terrell(1778 – 1855), U.S. Congressman.26.929,045336sqmi
(870km)
Thomas County275Thomasville1825Decatur and Irwin CountiesGeneralJett Thomas(1776 – 1817), a hero of theWar of 1812.81.6144,724548sqmi
(1,419km)
Tift County277Tifton1905Berrien, Irwin and Worth CountiesColonelNelson Tift(1810 – 91), a captain in theConfederate States Navyand U.S. Congressman.154.9641,064265sqmi
(686km)
Toombs County279Lyons1905Emanuel, Tattnall, and Montgomery CountiesGeneralRobert Toombs(1810 – 85), a U.S. Senator and theConfederate States Secretary of State.74.4327,315367sqmi
(951km)
Towns County281Hiawassee1856Rabun and Union CountiesGeorge Washington Towns(1801 – 54),governor of Georgiaduring theantebellum period.63.2210,495166sqmi
(430km)
Treutlen County283Soperton1917Emanuel and Montgomery CountiesJohn A. Treutlen(1726 – 82), the first electedGovernor of Georgia(1777 – 78).33.686,769201sqmi
(521km)
Troup County285Lagrange1826Creek Cession of 1826George M. Troup(1780 – 1856), theGovernor of Georgia(1823 – 27) and a U.S. Senator.165.3868,468414sqmi
(1,072km)
Turner County287Ashburn1905Dooly, Irwin, Wilcox and Worth CountiesCaptainHenry Gray Turner(1839 – 1904), a U.S. Congressman and a hero of theWar between the States.29.418,410286sqmi
(741km)
Twiggs County289Jeffersonville1809Wilkinson CountyGeneralJohn Twiggs(1750 – 1816), a hero of theRevolutionary Warand theGovernor of Georgia.23.468,447360sqmi
(932km)
Union County291Blairsville1832Cherokee CountyFederalunion of the states.66.4121,451323sqmi
(837km)
Upson County293Thomaston1824Crawford and Pike CountiesStephen Upson(1786 – 1824), a notedstate legislator.81.6926,630326sqmi
(844km)
Walker County295Lafayette1833Murray CountyMajorFreeman Walker(1780 – 1827), a U.S. Senator (1819 – 1821).152.6868,094446sqmi
(1,155km)
Walton County297Monroe1818Creek Cession of 1818George Walton(1749 – 1804), one of Georgia's delegates to theContinental Congresswho signed theDeclaration of Independence.257.0784,575329sqmi
(852km)
Ware County299Waycross1824Appling CountyNicholas Ware(1769 – 1824), a U.S. Senator (1821 – 24).39.6735,821903sqmi
(2,339km)
Warren County301Warrenton1793Columbia, Hancock, Richmond, and Wilkes CountiesGeneralJoseph Warren(1741 – 75), a hero of theRevolutionary War.19.505,578286sqmi
(741km)
Washington County303Sandersville1784Creek Cession of 1783George Washington(1732 – 99), the firstPresident of the United States, although named after him as a general.30.7020,879680sqmi
(1,761km)
Wayne County305Jesup1803Creek Cession of 1802GeneralAnthony Wayne(1745 – 96) -- known as "Mad Anthony Wayne". A U.S. Congressman and a hero of theRevolutionary Warand theNorthwest Indian War.46.9830,305645sqmi
(1,671km)
Webster County307Preston1853Stewart County (Formally Kinchafoonee)Daniel Webster(1782 – 1852),U.S. Secretary of State, supportedHenry Clay'sCompromise of 1850.13.302,793210sqmi
(544km)
Wheeler County309Alamo1912Montgomery CountyGeneralJoseph Wheeler(1836 – 1906), a U.S. Congressman and a hero of theWar Between the Statesand theSpanish–American War.26.477,888298sqmi
(772km)
White County311Cleveland1857Habersham CountyColonel John White, a hero of theRevolutionary War.113.8727,556242sqmi
(627km)
Whitfield County313Dalton1851Murray CountyGeorge Whitefield(1714 – 70), a noted pastor who established theBethesda OrphanagenearSavannah.356.41103,359290sqmi
(751km)
Wilcox County315Abbeville1857Dooly, Irwin, and Pulaski countiesGeneral Mark Wilcox (1800 – 50), a noted soldier andstate legislator.23.869,068380sqmi
(984km)
Wilkes County317Washington1777Cherokee and Creek Cessions of 1773John Wilkes(1727 – 97), a BritishMember of Parliamentwho sympathized with the cause of American independence.21.3910,076471sqmi
(1,220km)
Wilkinson County319Irwinton1803Creek Cessions of 1802 and 1805GeneralJames Wilkinson(1757 – 1825), a hero of theRevolutionary Warand of theWar of 1812.21.439,577447sqmi
(1,158km)
Worth County321Sylvester1853Dooly and Irwin CountiesGeneralWilliam J. Worth(1794 – 1849), a hero of theMexican-American War.38.1421,741570sqmi
(1,476km)

折叠 编辑本段 地理环境

折叠 气候

佐治亚州属亚热带湿润气候,由于纬度的关系,并靠近墨西哥湾的暖水海洋,全年气候宜人,夏天气温在27℃~35℃之间,冬天佐治亚北部会有少量降雪。年平均降水量为1270毫米。[1]

折叠 地貌

佐州北部属兰岭山脉,地势较高,中部为彼得蒙山麓,地势由西向西南逐渐降低,东南部为沿海平原。[1]

折叠 编辑本段 自然资源

佐治亚州有各种矿产资源(粘土、大型花岗岩、大理石、长石、金矿、重晶石、锰矿、铝土矿、漂白土、瓷土、斑脱土、煤矿、蓝晶石、石灰石、云母石)、森林以及淡水资源。佐治亚州森林覆盖面积达到10.36万平方公里,该州在森林和木材的科研领域处于领先水平。[2] 佐州中部瓷土含量丰富,北部匹根斯县是世界上主要的大理石产地之一。[8]

折叠 编辑本段 人口民族

佐治亚州人口约为968万,白人占总人口的65.4%, 黑人为30.0%,亚裔约占2.9%。主要城市依次是首府亚特兰大、奥古斯塔-瑞奇蒙德、哥伦布、萨瓦那、雅典城和梅肯等。[6]

折叠 编辑本段 政治体制

折叠 选举

佐治亚州州长由选举产生,任期四年,可连选连任一次。副州长、州务卿、大法官以及农业、劳工、保险等部门长官均由选举产生。州议会由参、众两院组成。两院议员任期均为2年,可连选连任。佐州有参议员56人,众议员180人、副州长任参议长。美国前总统卡特来自佐州。[8]

折叠 主要官员

州长:内森·迪尔(Nathan Deal)。共和党人。2010年11月当选佐州州长,2011年1月就任。

副州长:凯西·凯格尔(Casey Cagle),共和党人。2006年11月当选佐州副州长,2007年1月就任,2010年连选连任,是佐州历史上第一位共和党副州长。

州务卿:布莱恩·肯普(Brian Kemp),共和党人。2010年1月8日,当选并就任佐州州务卿。[8]

折叠 编辑本段 经济概况

直到18世纪末,佐治亚的发展一直都很缓慢。19世纪上半叶,以奴隶制和种植园为基础的棉花种植业使佐州的经济获得迅速发展。20世纪20年代初,由于棉铃虫害袭击佐州,使该州棉花种植业遭受致命打击。二战期间,佐州成为美国的步兵训练营和飞机、军舰等军需品的供应基地,联邦政府的巨额投资为佐州的经济恢复和转型提供了良机。战后,佐州摆脱单一的农业经济,逐步走向一个以工业为主、农业发达的多元化经济。进入20世纪90年代,佐州发展加快。亚特兰大地区成为该州发展的核心。[8]

2012年GDP为4335.69亿美元(同比增长2.1%),占全美经济总量的2.8%,居全美50个州第11位。15家《财富》500强企业总部位于佐州,包括:家得宝、UPS、可口可乐、达美航空等。[8]

佐治亚州经济发展署(GDEcD)是佐治亚州的官方宣传机构,负责吸引新企业落户,鼓励本州大中小企业拓展业务,协调培训企业所需的劳动力,为佐治亚企业开拓新的国际市场,并推动佐治亚州旅游业的发展。同时,佐治亚州经济发展署也致力于将佐治亚打造成为一个适合开发艺术、电影、音乐等项目的理想选择地。经济发展署还负责规划以及协调州内资源来促进佐治亚州的经济发展。[3]

近十年来,这座"南方之都"积极向中国拓展,2007年在中国上海设立代表处,后在青岛也设立办公室,目前在佐治亚州落户的中国企业包括海信集团、三一重工、经纬纺织、中国远洋运输集团等,森麒麟轮胎也刚于2016年九月宣布投资5.3亿美元设厂。[4]

折叠 工业

纺织、运输设备制造(飞机、船舶、轿车、卡车等)、食品加工、造纸等制造业是佐州第一大产业,其中纺织工业在佐州的经济构成中占有重要位置,该州生产的簇绒地毯占全国总量一半以上,奥古斯塔、哥伦布、梅肯和罗马是该州的纺织工业中心。汽车和飞机制造集中于大亚特兰大地区,著名的军用飞机制造商洛克希德·马丁公司在马瑞埃塔设有专厂,为美国空军制造"大力神"运输机和F-22战斗机。湾流飞机公司总部位于该州萨凡纳市。通往大西洋的两个深水港萨凡纳和布伦斯威克是佐州的船舶制造基地。佐州还是美国主要的纸张、纸板产地之一。[8]

折叠 农业

佐州是美国的农业大州,农牧业在其经济中占重要地位。全州约有5万个农场。农副产品主要有肉鸡、花生、山核桃、棉花、烟草、玉米、大豆等,其中肉鸡、花生和山核桃产量居全国首位。佐州的食品加工业较发达,主要产品有软饮料、冷冻虾、花生酱等。佐州是美国的"桃树之乡"。[8]

折叠 对外贸易

据美商务部统计,2012年,佐州对外贸易总额约1085亿美元,其中出口约360亿美元,同比增长3.7%,占全美总出口额的2.3%。前五大出口市场依次为:加拿大(67亿)、中国(37亿)、墨西哥(23亿)、新加坡(14亿)、日本(13亿)。出口额最大的产品依次为:运输设备(86亿)、机械设备(48亿)、化工产品(35亿)、纸制品(34亿)、食品(26亿)等。[8]

折叠 投资环境

佐治亚州一直凭借其良好的商业环境、优秀的人才储备以及世界一流的基础实施等无以伦比的优势,吸引着企业在此成功经营。特别是在亚特兰大地区,由于有着很多年轻的专业人士,所以更具吸引力。佐治亚州在2011年CNBC全美经商环境排名中,位居第四。在《选址顾问调查》(Site Selection Consultants Survey》中也位居第四。此外,佐治亚州还建立了佐治亚创新中心来帮助那些创新型公司。[5]

税收环境:佐治亚州是美国实行"以总收入为单一标准计税原则"("single factor gross receipts ")征税方法的十三个州之一。同时,佐治亚州也不像美国许多州都采用的所谓"对企业实施的营业税追溯原则"("throw back rule"),也就是销售给外州的货物或服务收入若未被当地州征税,则本州对此征税。[5]

物流环境:佐治亚拥有高效的无缝连接的海陆空运输和物流网络体系。同时,佐治亚州地处连接南北和东西的重要地理位置,人员和货物可以很便捷地从佐治亚州通过海陆空运输方式运送到美国各地、欧洲以及亚洲等地区。[6]

劳工环境:佐治亚州的工人赔偿金标准具有一定的优势,平均说来,每支付100美元的工资,对于从事一线工作的工人而言,其中有2.73美元是用来保险,而对于办公室的工人来讲,其中只有0.24美元是用来保险的。[6]

人才储备:全美国只有四个州拥有2所或两所以上全国排名前25的大学,佐治亚州就是其中之一。此外,佐治亚州拥有68所职业技能大学,可以为各类企业提供最好的人力资源。[5]

营商成本:佐治亚州拥有优惠的税收环境,具有竞争力的公共设施费和工资水平,这些优势可以让企业以更低的成本在此从事经营活动。[6]

折叠 编辑本段 投资鼓励政策

折叠 税收鼓励政策

第一:单因素分配法

2005年,佐治亚州成为西南部第一个采用"单因素总收入分配法"的州。该方法仅将公司在州内的收入作为州所得税的计税因素。传统的方法则将公司在州内的财产和工资均作为州所得税的计税因素。目前全美有13个州采用该方法。单因素法降低了开展跨州业务企业的实际税率。此外,佐治亚州不使用所谓"反射法",即若消费者所在州未征收公司在该州销售的所得税、则公司所在州要予以征收。[7]

第二:公司税抵免

包括就业税收抵免、港口税收抵免奖励、高质量就业抵免、研发税收抵免、大项目抵免、影视娱乐产业抵免、儿童保健抵免、工作机会税收抵免等。佐治亚州将所有郡按发展水平分为四类(1类为最不发达,4类为最发达),在发展水平较低的郡投资可获得更多的优惠。[7]

1. 就业税收抵免。该优惠适用于以下行业:制造业,包括但不限于制造太阳能、风能、电池、生物能源、生物燃料、电动车等新能源;仓储物流;加工;电信;广播;旅游;研发;生物医疗;老年及残障服务等。[7]

2. 港口税收抵免奖励。该优惠适用于满足就业税收抵免或投资税收抵免条件、使用佐治亚港口并在一年内进出口增加10%以上的企业。基期运输量必须至少达到75吨、5个集装箱或10个20尺标准箱。若基期达不到上述规模,计算增加幅度时亦按上述规模计算。该税收抵免最多可用于抵免公司州所得税的50%。未使用的抵免额度可结转10年内使用。[7]

3. 高质量就业抵免。在12个月内创造50个以上、薪资在郡平均工资110%以上的工作岗位的企业,可在5年内获得每个岗位2500-5000美元/年的税收抵减额度。7年内新增的就业均适用于该优惠。该政策允许在其他应缴税款都抵免后抵免州工资预扣税,并可在10年内结转使用。[7]

4. 研发税收抵免。抵免额度为(研发费用 - 基础额度)*10%。基础额度为公司在佐治亚州内收入的一定比例。研发税收优惠可在使用完其他优惠后,在州所得税50%的额度内继续抵免。如仍未使用完抵免额度,可继续抵免州工资预扣税,并可在10年内结转使用。[7]

5. 大项目税收抵免。创造1800个以上新增就业,且至少投资4.5亿美元或支付工资达到1.5亿美元/年以上的,可在5年内申请每个岗位5250美元/年的税收抵免。[7]

6. 影视娱乐产业抵免。佐治亚州境内投资于特定产品超过50万美元的,可免除20%的应纳税额。50万美元可以为一个项目或多个项目合计金额。若在项目宣传中加入佐治亚标志和网站链接的,可再获得10%的抵免额。特定产品包括主题电影、电视剧、广告、音乐剧、动画片、电子游戏等。该项优惠可用于抵免州所得税或州工资预扣税,还可以一次性转售或转让给其他州内纳税人。[7]

7. 工作机会税收抵免。该项目由联邦推行,旨在促进私营企业更多雇用9个就业困难群体的人员。参与的企业可获得每个员工抵免1200-9000美元联邦所得税的奖励。雇主需向佐治亚州劳工局提出申请,以认可其雇用了目标群体人员。目前操作中,仅批准为雇用退伍军人的企业提供上述抵免。[7]

第三:免税政策

1. 销售和使用税免税。佐治亚州对一系列产品和服务免除州销售和使用税,如:制造业机械设备、工业机械维修、工业材料和包装、制造业使用的能源、基础材料处理设备、污染控制设备、高科技企业的电脑软硬件、房间清洁设备、用水、电信服务等。[7]

2. 存货免税。企业存货免交州财产税。超过6成的佐治亚郡、市实行了一级自由港免税政策,免除下列动产的财产税:制造或生产用的原材料、半成品和存货;生产后存放在佐治亚州不超过12个月的货物;1月1日存放在佐治亚州仓库、码头,将在12个月内运往外州的制成品。州以下的地方政府还可以将自由港免税政策提升为二级,即免除一级政策范围以外的其他存货的地方财产税。[7]

折叠 人才鼓励政策

第一:招聘协助

佐治亚州劳动厅通过发布招工信息、收集并检查申请材料、提供面试场所、安排面试、举办招聘会等方式帮助企业进行招聘。[7]

第二:"快速启动"员工培训

"快速启动"是全美知名的劳动力培训项目。该项目帮助企业在合适时间评估、选择、培训合适的人员。在佐治亚州开办或扩大制造、分销、总部和顾客服务业务的企业可免费享受如下服务:劳动力战略咨询;招聘前的评估;定制化在职培训;领导力和生产力提升培训等。[7]

第三:"建设佐治亚"项目

该项目就工资、生活方式、就业福利等议题向年轻人和公众普及知识,以消除误解,帮助居民或技工成为有经验的零售商人、手工艺人。[7]

第四:再培训税收抵免

企业直接用于培训的投资可以抵免应纳税额。该政策适用于所有的佐治亚所得税纳税人。在企业用于再培训全职员工费用50%的额度内,可按照员工数每人每年抵免500美元税收。[7]

第五:"帮助优秀学生"奖学金计划

该计划可为在佐治亚州高等院校和公立职业院校就学的学生提供金融支持,并为佐治亚州居民在州内技术院校学习资助学费,而不论其高中成绩如何、何时毕业。[7]

第六:佐治亚州大学系统经济发展项目

佐治亚州大学系统于1995年创立了经济发展办公室,推动佐治亚州31所公立高等院校与佐治亚州经济发展署和企业界在智力资源方面开展合作。[7]

折叠 其他鼓励政策

第一:小企业服务

佐治亚州允许采用机械设备加速折旧法。此外,佐治亚州可为在特定乡村社区发展的企业提供贷款担保,担保额在3.5万-25万美元之间,用于购买资产或作为启动资金。该担保要求借款人至少出资10%。[7]

第二:自由贸易区

佐治亚州有多个自由贸易区。该项目优化了进出口贸易流程,降低了成本,允许企业推迟、减少或免交进口材料的关税。[7]

第三:一站式环境许可

佐治亚州为企业申请联邦和州环境许可提供十分便利的服务。州自然资源厅环境保护处可签发符合法律规定的所有许可,包括空气质量控制、水质量控制、危险品管理、固体废弃物管理和污水土地许可等。[7]

折叠 对现有企业的协助

第一:投资税收抵免

佐治亚州现有企业已在州内运营制造或电信设施达到3年,并新增制造或电信设施投资超过5万美元的,可申请抵免相当于投资额1%-5%的税收。投资支出包括但不限于为制造或电信设施购置土地、修缮、建设及购买机械设备的支出。[7]

第二:可选投资税收抵免

符合"投资税收抵免"要求的纳税人,投资额至少达到500万至2000万美元的(视投资地区而定),可申请"可选投资税收抵免"。[7]

第三:创新中心项目

佐治亚创新中心向航空航天、农业、能源、生命科学和IT、物流和制造业六个战略行业提供联系和创新方案,如联系高校和技术院校、商业资源、技术协助、补助资金、行业人脉和政府机构等,帮助本州企业接触业内顶尖专家,实现高效增长。[7]

佐治亚州支柱产业有:航空、农业、艺术、汽车、联络中心、数据中心、国防、能源及环境、娱乐、金融服务、食品加工、总部、信息技术、生命科学、交通物流、制造及旅游业。[7]

折叠 编辑本段 人才鼓励政策

折叠 招聘协助

佐治亚州劳动署通过张贴招工信息、收集并检查申请材料、提供面试场所、安排面试、举办招聘会等方式帮助企业进行招聘。[7]

折叠 "快速启动"员工培训

"快速启动"是全美知名的劳动力培训项目。该项目帮助企业在合适时间评估、选择、培训合适的人员。在佐治亚州开办或扩大制造、分销、总部和顾客服务业务的企业可免费享受如下服务:劳动力战略咨询;招聘前的评估;定制化在职培训;领导力和生产力提升培训等。[7]

折叠 "建设佐治亚"

该项目就工资、生活方式、就业福利等议题向年轻人和公众普及知识,以消除误解,帮助居民或技工成为有经验的零售商人、手工艺人。[7]

折叠 再培训税收抵免

企业直接用于培训的投资可以抵免应纳税额。该政策适用于所有的佐治亚所得税纳税人。在企业用于再培训全职员工费用50%的额度内,可按照员工数每人每年抵免500美元税收。每个至少完成了一个再培训项目的员工,每年的总抵免额不得超过1250美元。培训项目须经佐治亚技术学院系统批准,并须以提升质量和生产率和特定软件技术为目的。企业用该项目最高可抵免企业州所得税的50%,并可在10年内结转使用,还可与其他税收优惠同时使用。[7]

折叠 "帮助优秀学生"奖学金计划

该计划可为在佐治亚州高等院校和公立职业院校就学的学生提供金融支持,并为佐治亚州居民在州内技术院校学习资助学费,而不论其高中成绩如何、何时毕业。[7]

折叠 佐治亚州大学系统经济发展项目

佐治亚州大学系统于1995年创立了经济发展办公室,推动佐治亚州31所公立高等院校与佐治亚州经济发展厅和企业界在智力资源方面开展合作。[7]

折叠 编辑本段 社会事业

折叠 教育

佐州知名高校包括佐治亚理工学院、 艾默里大佐治亚大学佐治亚大学学、佐治亚大学等。佐治亚理工学院以理工见长,其工业与制造、生物医学、航空航天、土木工程、环境与卫生都名列全美前5位。艾默里大学是全美排名第20位的名校,以医学闻名,是全美艾滋病研究、治疗和预防的领跑者,其生物医学、内科助理和大众健康都名列前茅。佐治亚大学的中小学师资教育、技术与职业教育和特殊教育一直名列全美前3名。[8]

折叠 科研

佐州在工业及系统工程、生物医学、航空航天、机电一体化、纸张与造纸和食品加工等领域科研名列全美前茅。美国国家疾病预控中心位于亚特兰大[8]

折叠 媒体

美国有限电视网CNN总部位于佐州首府亚特兰大。当地较大的报纸有《亚特兰大宪政报》。主要华文媒体有《美中报道》、《新报》、亚城信息网等。 [8]

折叠 体育运动

佐治亚州是国际顶尖职业高尔夫球手的故乡,如传奇球手鲍比·琼斯 (Bobby Jones) 及当代冠军斯图尔特·辛克 (Stewart Cink)。高尔夫传奇人物波比琼斯在1931年建立了奥古斯塔国家高尔夫俱乐部。著名的佐治亚州奥古斯塔国家高尔夫俱乐部(Augusta National Golf Club) 被誉为"全世界最牛气的会员俱乐部"。[9]

另有其他著名的高尔夫球场:亚特拉达最佳小熊高尔夫球场、狼溪高尔夫俱乐部、松河高尔夫俱乐部、石头山高尔夫俱乐部。

折叠 编辑本段 交通运输

佐州交通运输业发达。全州共有275个机场和89个直升飞机航站哈茨菲尔德国际机场哈茨菲尔德国际机场。亚特兰大不仅是重要的航空中心(哈茨菲尔德国际机场是全美乃至世界上最繁忙的机场之一),而且也是全国主要的铁路枢纽。公路运输在佐州起着相当重要的作用,全州公路总长接近11万英里,其中州际高速公路有1200英里。[10]

折叠 编辑本段 风俗民情

折叠 旅游景点

佐治亚州是美国东南部极具风格的旅游胜地,亚特兰大还有"花园城市"的别称。亚特兰大亚特兰大

九大旅游地区:亚特兰大都市、经典南部、佐治亚州海岸、历史中心地带、历史高地、玉兰中部、佐治亚州东北部山脉、种植园地区、总统通道。

自然景观:佐治亚的海岸、圣西蒙岛、哲基尔岛、萨凡纳/萨佩洛岛、坎伯兰岛。

特色景点:佐治亚水族馆(亚特兰大)、美国CNN有线电视新闻网(亚特兰大)、新可口可乐世界(亚特兰大)、马丁·路德·金纪念馆(亚特兰大)、石山公园(亚特兰大)、古色古香的历史名城(萨凡纳)、奥克弗·诺基沼泽(韦克罗斯市与戴斯市之间)。

水上乐园和主题公园:佐治亚六旗公园(亚特兰大)、六旗白浪水上世界、波柔水花游乐园、杰蔻岛:夏日波浪、拉尼尔湖岛滨岸和水上乐园、野生水上探险主题公园。

动物与动物园:亚特兰大动物园(佐治亚州亚特兰大)、野生动物公园(北佐治亚州松山)、黄河野生动物狩猎牧场(佐治亚州亚特兰大利尔本)。.

奇妙博物馆:秀美土地上的艺术殿堂、海伊艺术博物馆(亚特兰大)、马格丽特·米契尔故居及乱世佳人博物馆(亚特兰大)、自然历史博物馆(亚特兰大)、圆景画(亚特兰大)、莫瑞斯艺术博物馆(奥古斯塔)、特菲尔艺术博物馆(萨凡纳)。[11]

折叠 著名城市

奥尔巴尼市、古典迷香--雅典市、亚特兰大市、奥古斯塔市、布朗斯维克和黄金岛、哥伦布市、梅肯市、浪漫恋歌--萨凡纳市。

折叠 编辑本段 著名人物

朱丽亚·罗伯茨朱丽亚·罗伯茨出生和成长在佐治亚州的著名影视明星包括:朱丽亚·罗伯茨 (Julia Roberts)、金·倍辛格(Kim Basinger)、劳伦斯·费士普 (Laurence Fishburne)、波特·雷诺斯 (Burt Reynolds)、达克塔·范宁 (Dakota Fanning )、霍利·亨特 (Holly Hunter) 和布列塔尼·冒芬(Brittany Murphy) 等等。

美国著名音乐杂志《滚石》将雷·查尔斯(Ray Charles)、奥迪斯·雷丁 (Otis Redding)、詹姆斯·布朗(James Brown) 和小·理查德 (Little Richard) 四名佐治亚州本土音乐家列入前50名"不朽音乐艺术家"名单。

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