2015-08-09 03:04:33

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拱门国家公园 (Arches National Park) 位于美国犹他州东边,占地76,519英亩(309.7平方公里),每年约有85万访客。有些人来此地是为了研究地质学,或者是对大自然的演变感兴趣;当然更多的人是为了想一睹闻名遐迩的拱门,然后向别人描述经验。无论动机为何,它的雄伟壮观及研究价值绝对是受到肯定的。

Arches National Park is located in the east of Utah USAn area of 76,519 acres (309.7 square kilometers) .Each year about 850,000 visitors.Some people come here to study geology .Or is interested in the evolution of natureOf course, more people to want to see the famous arch .It then describes the experience to othersWhether motives.It's absolutely magnificent and research value are subject to the affirmative】

基本信息

  • 中文名

    拱门国家公园

  • 外文名

    Arches National Park

  • 地理位置

    犹他州

  • 面积

    309.7平方公里square kilometers

  • 游玩时间

    1-2天

  • 景点类型

    自然保护区【Nature Reserve】

折叠 编辑本段 景区介绍

折叠 简介

拱门国家公园(Arches National Park)它位于犹他州靠近摩押处,面积309平方公里,保存了包括世界知名的精致拱门在内的超过2000座天然岩石拱门。园内最高处象峰海拔1753米。最初于1929年4月12日成为国家历史遗迹,1971年11月12日成为国家公园。自1970年,已有42座拱门因侵蚀作用而倒塌。

在1929年,此地成立国家纪念地,但至1971年国家公园才诞生。这里是世界上最大的自然沙岩拱门集中地之一,光是编入目录的就超过二千个,其中最小的只有3尺宽,最大的Landscape Arch则长达306尺。所有的石头上更有着颜色对比非常强烈的纹理。石头的成因为三亿年前这里曾是一片汪洋,海水消失以后又经过了很多年,盐床和其它碎片挤压成岩石并且越来越厚。之后,盐床底部不敌上方的压力而破碎,复经地壳隆起变动,加上风化侵蚀,一个个拱形石头就形成了。直到今天,新的拱门仍持续制造中;反之,老拱门也在逐渐走向毁灭。

公园里来回48里的景观道路连结所有壮丽的风景及各主要的拱门, 拱门国家公园拱门国家公园不过几乎都是远远的看,想近看就得走一段不算短的路。如果时间不充裕,在此列出几个笔者认为一定要看的。平衡石(Balanced Rock)就在路旁边,不走过去也看得很清楚,明信片里也找得到喔。幽雅拱门(Delicate Arch)应该是最有名的,犹他州标志上的图案就是它,而且还是少数只残留拱形的石头;不过想走到旁边可不简单,来回长达3里(4.8公里)。南窗和北窗这两个拱门是连成一线的,看起来好象一对眼睛,从停车场只能看见一个,走过去来回只有1.1公里。

Arches National Park which is located near Moab, Utah DepartmentAn area of 309 square kilometersPreservation, including the world-famous Delicate Arch, including over 2000 natural rock archesPark highest peak elevation of 1753 meters likeOriginally, in April 12, 1929 National MonumentNovember 12, 1971 a National ParkSince 1970Has 42 arches collapsed due to erosion.

Founded in 1929, National Monument hereBut until 1971, before the birth of the National ParkHere is the world's largest concentration of natural sandstone arches oneJust cataloged on more than two thousandThe youngest is only 3 feet wideLandscape Arch is the largest long as 306 feetBut also it has a very strong color contrast of textures on all the stones300 million years ago into a stone because there was a vast expanseThe sea water disappeared after many yearsuSalt bed and squeezed into the rocks and other debris getting thickerThen, the bottom of the salt bed lost pressure above the broken, complex changes in crustal uplift, with weathering, an arched stone formedEven today, new arches continued manufactureOn the other hand, are gradually destroyed the old arches.

48 back and forth in the park landscape road connecting all the magnificent scenery and major arches, But almost all far to seeWant to have to take a close look at some of the road is not too shortIf the time is not sufficient listed in this I believe that a few must seeBalanced Rock in the middle of the roadDo not go to see the past clearly, postcards also findDelicate Arch should be the most famousUtah logo design is that itAnd only a minority of residual arched stoneBut I would go next was not easyBack and forth up to 3 years (4.8 km)South window and two arches north window is a line ofLooks as if an eyeOne can only see from the parking lotOnly 1.1 km walk back and forth.

折叠 形成原因

天然拱门天然拱门因拱门国家公园位于盐层上方,加上不同程度的侵蚀,而形成许多不同的拱门。

约三亿年前,这种盐层曾是海洋。海水消失的几百万年后,盐层被空气和水中的渣滓所覆盖,并和其它杂物挤压成岩石。后经地壳隆起以及天然风化,成为如今的拱门。

Due to Arches National Park is located above the salt layer, with varying degrees of erosion, and the formation of many different arches.

About 300 million years ago, this was a marine salt layer.After the disappearance of the sea millions of years, the salt layer is covered by water, air and garbage, and extruded into rocks and other debris.After uplift and natural weathering, to become today's arches.

折叠 地质特征

公园里不只有拱门,还有为数众多的大小尖塔、基座和平衡石等奇特的地质特征;所有的石头上更有着颜色对比非常强烈的纹理。

Park not only geological characteristics peculiar arches, as well as the size of a large number of minarets, stone base and balance.But also it has a very strong color contrast of textures on all the stones.

折叠 海拔

拱门国家公园内最高处象峰,海拔1753米;最低处游客中心,海拔1245米。

Arches National Park, the highest point in the elephant peak1753 m above sea level. Lowest Visitor Center.1245 m above sea level.

折叠 降雨量

拱门国家公园年均降雨量为250mm。

Arches National Park, with an average annual rainfall of 250mm.

折叠 公园管理

拱门国家公园由美国国家公园管理局负责管理。

Arches National Park by the National Park Service is responsible for managing.

折叠 编辑本段 主要景点

  • 精致拱门或幽雅拱门(Delicate Arch)-经历长时间风雨侵蚀却没有倒塌,犹他州主要地标之一。
  • 平衡石(Balanced Rock)-体积相当于三辆校巴的巨石立在岩顶。
  • 双拱门(Double Arch)-两个相同大小的拱门。
  • 景观拱门(Landscape Arch)-公园里最长的拱门。
  • 恶魔花园(Devil's Garden)-因散布拱门而出名。Delicate Arch or the elegant arch--Through wind and rain for a long time but did not collapse, one of the main landmarks in Utah.
  • Balanced Rock--Volume equivalent to three school buses boulder standing in the rock roof,
  • Double Arch--Two arches of the same size.
  • Landscape Arch--The longest arch in the park
  • .Devil's Garden--Known for spreading Arches.

折叠 编辑本段 旅游指南

折叠 开放时间

拱门国家公园全年开放,不过圣诞节当天访客中心不开门。

Arches National Park is open year-round, but the visitor center is not open on Christmas Day.

折叠 住宿

公园里只有露营区,想住旅馆的游客,南边5里处的Moab有不少旅社和餐厅。走小径请当心,有些路段直接踩在石头上,小心滑倒和迷路。

Onlycamping park, visitors want to stay in a hotel, Moab 5 miles south of there are many hostels and restaurants.Be careful walking trails, some sections directly step on the stones, carefully slip and get lost.

折叠 交通

到公园只有一个出入口:I-70转191号公路往南。

Only one entrance to the park: I-70 south of Highway 191 turn.

折叠 最佳观赏时间

通常被认为清晨或黄昏是最好的观赏时间,因为太阳光的照射会使拱门呈深橙色。

Is generally considered dawn or dusk is the best time to watch, because sun exposure will arches dark orange.

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