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堪萨斯州 - 美国堪萨斯州缩写 免费编辑 修改义项名

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堪萨斯州(Kansas)是美国中部7个州之一,位于美国本土的正中心。该州北接内布拉斯加州,南邻俄克拉何马州,西与科罗拉多州接壤,东与密苏里州相连。除东北隅临密苏里河一段州界稍有弯曲外,整个州域呈长方形。堪萨斯州地势平坦,自东向西逐渐增高,属北美大草原。首府托皮卡(Topeka,也译托尼卡)。堪萨斯州是美国第一个承认宪法所赋予美国非洲裔人民选举权的州。全州人口2,893,957(2013年)。面积21万平方公里。冬小麦产量,在美国五十州中,列第一位。是美国大陆四十八州地理中心。

基本信息

  • 中文名称

    堪萨斯州

  • 外文名称

    Kansas

  • 别名

    向日葵之州

  • 行政区类别

  • 所属地区

    美国中部

  • 地理位置

    美国中部

  • 面积

    213096 km²

  • 下辖地区

    威奇塔曼哈顿堪萨斯城,海斯

  • 政府驻地

    托皮卡(Topeka)

  • 电话区号

    5555

  • 气候条件

    温带大陆性气候

  • 人口数量

    2,893,957(2013年)

  • 著名景点

    中部国家公园,迪普埃伦现场音乐中心,堪萨斯立体电影院

  • 机场

    堪萨斯市国际机场

  • 方言

    英语

  • GDP

    1440亿美元(2013年)

  • 高等院校

    堪萨斯大学、堪萨斯州立大学、

折叠 编辑本段 历史

13~16世纪大批印第安人曾在里帕布利肯河和布鲁河流域建立农业社区。1541年西班牙探险家科罗纳多为寻找黄金到此。1682年此地归法国所有,法国皮毛商与印第安人在此进行频繁交易。1803年根据购买路易斯安那协议让给美国。1803 年归属美国。1861年建州后加入联邦,为美国第34州。

一八三一年开始殖民。一八六一年一月二十九日成为美国第三十四州。以向日葵花(Sunflower)为州花。堪萨斯州别名叫做"向日葵之州"Sunflower-State。堪萨斯州箴言:"排除万难,追求幸福"To the Stars through Difficulties.

州内大专学院有五三所,其中以堪萨斯大学(University of Kansas)为最著名。它位于州府以东之罗伦斯Lawrence,创于一八六四年,学生约两万。另外几所州内著名大学为堪萨斯州立大学(Kansas State University)、福特海斯州立大学(Fort Hays State University)和维契托州立大学(Wichita State University)。

堪萨斯州(Kansas)是美国中部的一个州,位于美国本土的正中心,州名来自印地安苏族的语言,代表了"南风之人"(People of the south wind)邮政编号是KS。堪萨斯州是首个赋予非裔美国人选举权的州。

折叠 编辑本段 地理位置

堪萨斯州位于美国大陆四十八州地理中心。北界内布拉斯加州。南邻俄克拉荷马州。西接科罗拉多州。东与密苏里州毗连。

堪萨斯州位于美国大陆中部。北界内布拉斯加州。南邻俄克拉荷马州。西接科罗拉多州。东与密苏里州毗连。堪萨斯州气候,冬季内已无刺骨的寒风夏季内却有薰人的暖风(墨西哥湾暖气流北上)。降雨量中等。

折叠 地形

由西北角到东南角可分三区:

(A)西部是高平原,面积最大,约占本州面积三分之二,高度有一千多公尺,地面已被切割,出现沟谷丘陵

(B)东北部冰碛区,面积很小,也被切割。

(C)东南部是大平原区,高度只有二百公尺。

全州地势西高东低,大部地区是广阔坦荡的高平原,是地势平坦而没有树木生长的地区,其中有河谷、小溪及峡谷,平均海拔610米。许多小丘陵高出平原面30~100米,如东部的弗林特丘陵,西部的斯莫基丘陵及雷德丘陵。西部靠近科罗拉多州边境的森弗劳尔山(向日葵山)海拔1231米,为全州最高点。弗林特丘陵,意译是燧石丘陵,因往日印第安人在这个丘陵区内寻找燧石,作箭头用而得名。南部靠近俄克拉何马州的弗迪格里斯河谷海拔213米,为全境最低点。

折叠 气候

堪萨斯州属温带大陆性气候,有严冬酷暑,温差变化大,但时间不长。1月平均气温-3~1℃,7月平均气温24~27℃。年平均气温为13℃。生长期从4月中旬到9月中旬,年平均降水量东南部为1000毫米,西部为500毫米。堪萨斯全州的平均降水量约690毫米。西部降水集中在夏季,常有旱灾和沙暴天气。

堪萨斯州以天气晴朗而闻名,堪萨斯州每年有超过275天以上的晴天。

折叠 河流

大多数河流自西向东流。北部属堪萨斯河流域,重要支流有布鲁河、里帕布利肯河、所罗门河、萨林河和斯莫基希尔河。南部属阿肯色河流域,主要支流有锡马隆河、弗迪格里斯河尼欧肖河和梅里德辛河。堪萨斯东北边界的一角是密西西比河。本州河流由于地面向东南倾斜,适合筑灌溉渠,已建有数百座小型人造湖。

折叠 行政区划

County

FIPS code

County seat

Established

Origin

Etymology

County Code

Population

Area

Map

Allen County

001

Iola

1855

One of the original 36 counties

William Allen,U.S. SenatorfromOhioand prominent supporter of westward expansion

AL

13,319

503sqmi

(1,303km)


Anderson County

003

Garnett

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Joseph C. Anderson, Kansas territorial legislator andBorder Ruffianduring "Bleeding Kansas"

AN

7,917

583sqmi

(1,510km)


Atchison County

005

Atchison

1855

One of the original 36 counties

David Rice Atchison, U.S. Senator fromMissouriand Border Ruffian during "Bleeding Kansas"

AT

16,813

432sqmi

(1,119km)


Barber County

007

Medicine Lodge

1867

From unorganized area

Thomas W. Barber, prominentFree-Staterkilled in theWakarusa War

BA

4,861

1,134sqmi

(2,937km)


Barton County

009

Great Bend

1867

From unorganized area

Clara Barton, founder of theAmerican Red Cross

BT

27,557

894sqmi

(2,315km)


Bourbon County

011

Fort Scott

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Bourbon County, Kentucky, from which many original settlers hailed

BB

14,897

637sqmi

(1,650km)


Brown County

013

Hiawatha

1855

One of the original 36 counties (Formerly Browne County)

Albert Gallatin Brown, U.S. Senator fromMississippiand Kansas statehood advocate

BR

9,881

571sqmi

(1,479km)


Butler County

015

El Dorado

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Andrew Pickens Butler, U.S. Senator fromSouth Carolinaand Kansas statehood advocate

BU

65,827

1,428sqmi

(3,699km)


Chase County

017

Cottonwood Falls

1859

Formed from Butler and Wise counties

Salmon Portland Chase, U.S. Senator from Ohio and Kansas statehood advocate

CS

2,757

776sqmi

(2,010km)


Chautauqua County

019

Sedan

1875

Formed from Howard County

Chautauqua County, New York, from which many early settlers hailed

CQ

3,571

642sqmi

(1,663km)


Cherokee County

021

Columbus

1855

One of the original 36 counties (Formerly McGee County)

Cherokee Native Americans, whose lands borders the county in nearbyIndian Territory

CK

21,226

587sqmi

(1,520km)


Cheyenne County

023

Saint Francis

1873

From unorganized area

Cheyenne Native Americans, who inhabited the area

CN

2,678

1,020sqmi

(2,642km)


Clark County

025

Ashland

1885

Formed from Ford County

Charles F. Clarke, Captain in6th Regiment Kansas Volunteer CavalryduringAmerican Civil War

CA

2,181

975sqmi

(2,525km)


Clay County

027

Clay Center

1857

From unorganized area

Henry Clay, influential U.S. Senator fromKentucky

CY

8,531

644sqmi

(1,668km)


Cloud County

029

Concordia

1866

Formed from Washington (Formerly Shirley County)

William F. Cloud, Union general in the American Civil War who chiefly fought in Kansas and Missouri

CD

9,397

716sqmi

(1,854km)


Coffey County

031

Burlington

1855

One of the original 36 counties

A.M. Coffey, territorial legislator and Free-Stater during Bleeding Kansas

CF

8,502

630sqmi

(1,632km)


Comanche County

033

Coldwater

1867

From unorganized area

Comanche Native Americans, who lived in the area

CM

1,913

788sqmi

(2,041km)


Cowley County

035

Winfield

1867

Formed from Butler County

Matthew R. Cowley, Union lieutenant and distinguished Civil War hero

CL

36,288

1,126sqmi

(2,916km)


Crawford County

037

Girard

1867

Bourbon and Cherokee Counties

Samuel J. Crawford, thirdGovernor of Kansas

CR

39,361

593sqmi

(1,536km)


Decatur County

039

Oberlin

1873

From unorganized area

Stephen Decatur, naval commodore andWar of 1812hero

DC

2,871

894sqmi

(2,315km)


Dickinson County

041

Abilene

1857

From unorganized area

Daniel Stevens Dickinson, U.S. Senator fromNew Yorkand Kansas statehood advocate

DK

19,762

848sqmi

(2,196km)


Doniphan County

043

Troy

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Alexander William Doniphan,Mexican-American Warhero and pro-slavery sympathizer in "Bleeding Kansas"

DP

7,864

392sqmi

(1,015km)


Douglas County

045

Lawrence

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Stephen Arnold Douglas, U.S. Senator fromIllinoisand advocate for the moderatepopular sovereigntychoice in the Kansas slavery debate

DG

112,864

457sqmi

(1,184km)


Edwards County

047

Kinsley

1874

Formed from Kiowa County

John H. Edwards,state senatorwho pushed for creation of the county

ED

2,979

622sqmi

(1,611km)


Elk County

049

Howard

1875

Formed from Howard County

Elk River, which originates in the county

EK

2,720

648sqmi

(1,678km)


Ellis County

051

Hays

1867

From unorganized area

George Ellis, Union lieutenant and distinguished Civil War hero

EL

29,053

900sqmi

(2,331km)


Ellsworth County

053

Ellsworth

1867

From unorganized area

Fort Ellsworth, a Union Civil War outpost in the area

EW

6,494

716sqmi

(1,854km)


Finney County

055

Garden City

1883

Formed from Arapahoe, Grant, Kearney and Sequoyah Counties

David W. Finney, tenth lieutenant governor of Kansas

FI

37,200

1,300sqmi

(3,367km)


Ford County

057

Dodge City

1867

From unorganized area

James H. Ford, Union general in the Civil War who mainly fought in Kansas and Missouri

FO

34,752

1,099sqmi

(2,846km)


Franklin County

059

Ottawa

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Benjamin Franklin, orator, writer, scholar, and founding father of the U.S.

FR

25,906

574sqmi

(1,487km)


Geary County

061

Junction City

1855

One of the original 36 counties (Formerly Davis County)

John White Geary, Union general in the Civil War who mainly fought in Kansas and Missouri, and who later became Kansas territorial governor

GE

38,013

384sqmi

(995km)


Gove County

063

Gove City

1868

From unorganized area

Grenville L. Gove, Captain in the11th Regiment Kansas Volunteer Cavalryduring the Civil War

GO

2,729

1,072sqmi

(2,776km)


Graham County

065

Hill City

1867

From unorganized area

John L. Graham, Union captain and Civil War hero

GH

2,578

898sqmi

(2,326km)


Grant County

067

Ulysses

1888

Formed from Finney and Hamilton Counties

Ulysses Simpson Grant, commander of Union forces during the Civil War andU.S. President

GT

7,923

575sqmi

(1,489km)


Gray County

069

Cimarron

1887

Formed from Finney and Ford Counties

Alfred Gray, Kansas Secretary of Agriculture

GY

6,030

869sqmi

(2,251km)


Greeley County

071

Tribune

1873

From unorganized area

Horace Greeley, publisher of theNew York Tribuneand anti-slavery advocate

GL

1,298

778sqmi

(2,015km)


Greenwood County

073

Eureka

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Alfred B. Greenwood,U.S. RepresentativefromArkansasand Kansas statehood advocate

GW

6,454

1,140sqmi

(2,953km)


Hamilton County

075

Syracuse

1873

From unorganized area

Alexander Hamilton, firstU.S. Treasury Secretaryand founding father

HM

2,639

996sqmi

(2,580km)


Harper County

077

Anthony

1867

From unorganized area

Marion Harper, Union sergeant and Civil War hero

HP

5,911

802sqmi

(2,077km)


Harvey County

079

Newton

1872

Formed from McPherson, Sedgwick and Reno Counties

James M. Harvey, fifth governor of Kansas

HV

34,852

539sqmi

(1,396km)


Haskell County

081

Sublette

1887

Formed from Finney and Ford Counties

Dudley Chase Haskell, U.S. Representative from Kansas

HS

4,256

577sqmi

(1,494km)


Hodgeman County

083

Jetmore

1867

From unorganized area (Formerly Hageman County)

Amos Hodgman, Union captain and Civil War hero

HG

1,963

860sqmi

(2,227km)


Jackson County

085

Holton

1855

One of the original 36 counties (Formerly Calhoun County)

Andrew Jackson, seventh U.S. President

JA

13,449

657sqmi

(1,702km)


Jefferson County

087

Oskaloosa

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Thomas Jefferson, third U.S. President and founding father

JF

18,945

536sqmi

(1,388km)


Jewell County

089

Mankato

1867

From unorganized area

Lewis R. Jewell, Union colonel and Civil War hero

JW

3,046

909sqmi

(2,354km)


Johnson County

091

Olathe

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Thomas Johnson, Methodistmissionarywho was one of the state's first settlers

JO

559,913

477sqmi

(1,235km)


Kearny County

093

Lakin

1887

Formed from Finney and Hamilton Counties

Philip Kearny, American general in the Mexican-American and Civil Wars

KE

3,968

870sqmi

(2,253km)


Kingman County

095

Kingman

1872

Harper and Reno Counties

Samuel A. Kingman, Chief Justice of theKansas Supreme Court

KM

7,863

864sqmi

(2,238km)


Kiowa County

097

Greensburg

1886

Formed from Comanche and Edwards Counties

Kiowa Native Americans, who inhabited the area

KW

2,496

722sqmi

(1,870km)


Labette County

099

Oswego

1867

Formed from Neosho County

Pierre La Bette, French fur trapper who formed a peaceful relationship with area natives

LB

21,284

649sqmi

(1,681km)


Lane County

101

Dighton

1873

From unorganized area

James H. Lane, U.S. Senator from Kansas and Free-Stater during "Bleeding Kansas"

LE

1,704

717sqmi

(1,857km)


Leavenworth County

103

Leavenworth

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Henry Leavenworth, general in theIndian Warswho established a fort in the area

LV

77,739

463sqmi

(1,199km)


Lincoln County

105

Lincoln

1867

From unorganized area

Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth U.S. President

LC

3,174

719sqmi

(1,862km)


Linn County

107

Mound City

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Lewis Fields Linn, U.S. Senator from Kentucky whose family was later involved in the settlement of Kansas

LN

9,441

599sqmi

(1,551km)


Logan County

109

Oakley

1888

Formed from Wallace County (formerly named St. John County)

John Alexander Logan, prominent Union Civil War general and U.S. Senator from Illinois

LG

2,784

1,073sqmi

(2,779km)


Lyon County

111

Emporia

1855

One of the original 36 counties (Formerly Breckenridge County)

Nathaniel Lyon, first Union general to be killed in the Civil War

LY

33,748

851sqmi

(2,204km)


Marion County

115

Marion

1860

From unorganized area

Francis Marion,American Revolutionary Warhero

MN

12,347

943sqmi

(2,442km)


Marshall County

117

Marysville

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Frank J. Marshall, state representative who became locally known for operating the first ferry over theBig Blue River

MS

10,022

903sqmi

(2,339km)


McPherson County

113

McPherson

1867

From unorganized area

James Birdseye McPherson, prominent Union Civil War general

MP

29,356

900sqmi

(2,331km)


Meade County

119

Meade

1885

Formed from Finney, Ford and Seward Counties

George Gordon Meade, Union Civil War general best known for his victory at theBattle of Gettysburg

ME

4,396

978sqmi

(2,533km)


Miami County

121

Paola

1855

One of the original 36 counties (Formerly Lykins)

Miami Native Americans, who lived in the area

MI

32,612

577sqmi

(1,494km)


Mitchell County

123

Beloit

1867

From unorganized area

William D. Mitchell, Union captain and Civil War hero

MC

6,355

700sqmi

(1,813km)


Montgomery County

125

Independence

1867

Formed from Wilson County

Richard Montgomery, Revolutionary War hero

MG

34,459

645sqmi

(1,671km)


Morris County

127

Council Grove

1855

One of the original 36 counties (Formerly Wise County)

Thomas Morris, U.S. Senator from Ohio and anti-slavery advocate

MR

5,854

697sqmi

(1,805km)


Morton County

129

Elkhart

1886

Formed from Seward County

Oliver P. Morton,Governor of Indianaand prominent anti-slavery advocate

MT

3,169

730sqmi

(1,891km)


Nemaha County

131

Seneca

1855

One of the original 36 counties (Formerly Dorn County)

Nemaha River, which passes through the county

NM

10,132

719sqmi

(1,862km)


Neosho County

133

Erie

1855

One of the original 36 counties (Formerly Dorn County)

Neosho River, which passes through the county

NO

16,406

572sqmi

(1,481km)


Ness County

135

Ness City

1867

From unorganized area

Noah V. Ness, Corporal in7th Regiment Kansas Volunteer Cavalryduring Civil War

NS

3,068

1,075sqmi

(2,784km)


Norton County

137

Norton

1867

From unorganized area (Formerly Billings (1873-9)

Orloff Norton, Union captain and Civil War hero

NT

5,612

878sqmi

(2,274km)


Osage County

139

Lyndon

1855

One of the original 36 counties (Formerly Weller County)

Osage River, which flows through the county

OS

16,142

704sqmi

(1,823km)


Osborne County

141

Osborne

1867

From unorganized area

Vincent B. Osborne, Union soldier and Civil War hero

OB

3,806

893sqmi

(2,313km)


Ottawa County

143

Minneapolis

1860

From unorganized area

Ottawa Native Americans, who lived in the area

OT

6,072

721sqmi

(1,867km)


Pawnee County

145

Larned

1867

From unorganized area

Pawnee Native Americans, who lived in the area

PN

6,928

754sqmi

(1,953km)


Phillips County

147

Phillipsburg

1867

From unorganized area

William Phillips, state legislator who pushed for creation of the county, and later U.S. Representative

PL

5,519

886sqmi

(2,295km)


Pottawatomie County

149

Westmoreland

1857

Formed from Calhoun and Riley

Pottawatomie Native Americans, who lived in the area

PT

22,302

844sqmi

(2,186km)


Pratt County

151

Pratt

1867

From unorganized area

Caleb Pratt, Union lieutenant and Civil War hero

PR

9,728

735sqmi

(1,904km)


Rawlins County

153

Atwood

1873

From unorganized area

John Aaron Rawlins, prominent Union Civil War general

RA

2,560

1,070sqmi

(2,771km)


Reno County

155

Hutchinson

1867

From unorganized area

Jesse L. Reno, prominent Union Civil War general

RN

64,438

1,254sqmi

(3,248km)


Republic County

157

Belleville

1868

Formed from Washington County

Republican River, which flows through the county

RP

4,858

716sqmi

(1,854km)


Rice County

159

Lyons

1867

From unorganized area

Samuel A. Rice, prominent Union Civil War general

RC

9,985

727sqmi

(1,883km)


Riley County

161

Manhattan

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Bennett C. Riley, Mexican-American War hero

RL

75,508

610sqmi

(1,580km)


Rooks County

163

Stockton

1867

From unorganized area

John C. Rooks, Private in11th Regiment Kansas Volunteer Cavalryduring Civil War

RO

5,223

888sqmi

(2,300km)


Rush County

165

La Crosse

1867

From unorganized area

Alexander Rush, Union captain and Civil War hero

RH

3,220

718sqmi

(1,860km)


Russell County

167

Russell

1867

From unorganized area

Alva P. Russell, Union captain and Civil War hero

RS

6,946

885sqmi

(2,292km)


Saline County

169

Salina

1860

From unorganized area

Saline River, which flows through the county

SA

55,988

720sqmi

(1,865km)


Scott County

171

Scott City

1873

From unorganized area

Winfield Scott, Mexican-American War hero and unsuccessful presidential candidate

SC

4,937

718sqmi

(1,860km)


Sedgwick County

173

Wichita

1867

Formed from Butler County

John Sedgwick, highest ranking Union general killed in the Civil War

SG

503,889

1,000sqmi

(2,590km)


Seward County

175

Liberal

1873

From unorganized area

William Henry Seward,U.S. Secretary of State

SW

23,547

640sqmi

(1,658km)


Shawnee County

177

Topeka

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Shawnee Native Americans, who lived in the area

SN

178,991

550sqmi

(1,424km)


Sheridan County

179

Hoxie

1873

From unorganized area

Philip Henry Sheridan, prominent Union Civil War general

SD

2,538

896sqmi

(2,321km)


Sherman County

181

Goodland

1873

From unorganized area

William Tecumseh Sherman, prominent Civil War general

SH

6,113

1,056sqmi

(2,735km)


Smith County

183

Smith Center

1867

From unorganized area

J. Nelson Smith, Union major and Civil War hero

SM

3,765

896sqmi

(2,321km)


Stafford County

185

Saint John

1867

From unorganized area

Lewis Stafford, Union captain and Civil War hero

SF

4,358

792sqmi

(2,051km)


Stanton County

187

Johnson City

1887

Formed from Hamilton County

Edwin McMasters Stanton,U.S. Secretary of Warduring the Civil War

ST

2,175

680sqmi

(1,761km)


Stevens County

189

Hugoton

1886

Formed from Seward County

Thaddeus Stevens, U.S. Representative fromPennsylvaniawho was a leader ofReconstructionpolitics

SV

5,756

728sqmi

(1,886km)


Sumner County

191

Wellington

1867

Formed from Butler County

Charles Sumner, U.S. Senator fromMassachusettswho was a leader ofReconstructionpolitics

SU

23,674

1,182sqmi

(3,061km)


Thomas County

193

Colby

1873

From unorganized area

George Henry Thomas, prominent Union Civil War general

TH

7,941

1,075sqmi

(2,784km)


Trego County

195

WaKeeney

1867

From unorganized area

Edgar P. Trego, Union captain and Civil War hero

TR

2,986

888sqmi

(2,300km)


Wabaunsee County

197

Alma

1855

One of the original 36 counties (Formerly Richardson County)

Chief Wabaunsee,Potawatomileader

WB

7,039

798sqmi

(2,067km)


Wallace County

199

Sharon Springs

1868

From unorganized area

W.H.L. Wallace, prominent Union Civil War general

WA

1,517

914sqmi

(2,367km)


Washington County

201

Washington

1857

From unorganized area

George Washington, first U.S. President and founding father

WS

5,758

898sqmi

(2,326km)


Wichita County

203

Leoti

1873

From unorganized area

Wichita Native Americans, who lived in the area

WH

2,256

719sqmi

(1,862km)


Wilson County

205

Fredonia

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Hiero T. Wilson, Union colonel and Civil War hero

WL

9,105

574sqmi

(1,487km)


Woodson County

207

Yates Center

1855

One of the original 36 counties

Daniel Woodson, five time acting governor of Kansas Territory

WO

3,278

501sqmi

(1,298km)


Wyandotte County

209

Kansas City

1859

Formed from Leavenworth and Johnson Counties

Wyandotte Native Americans, who lived in the area

WY

159,129

151sqmi

(391km)


折叠 编辑本段 资源

堪萨斯州河流由于地面向东南倾斜,适合筑灌溉渠,已建有数百座小型人造湖。主要作物是冬小麦,被誉为世界早餐之州(因为美国小麦销欧、亚、非二州)。其次为芦黍。矿产有石油及天然气,产量均富。在堪萨斯州中部之奥提斯有世界最大之制氦工厂。

折叠 编辑本段 人口

根据最新的人口普查,堪萨斯州有2,893,957(2013年)。堪萨斯州的种族比例可分为:

83.1%是白人、7%是拉美裔人、5.7%非裔美国人、1.7%是亚裔美国人、0.9%是印地安原住民、2.1 %混合的种族。

堪萨斯州的前五大居民祖先为:德国人(25.9%)、爱尔兰人(11.5%)、英国人(10.8%)、美国人 (8.8%) 、非裔美国人(5.7%)。

折叠 编辑本段 经济

堪萨斯州是全美重要的农牧业州,著名的通讯公司Sprint Nextel总部即位于堪萨斯州。

农业和制造业是堪萨斯州经济的两大支柱,前者为后者提供大部分原料。农牧总产值在50州内列第7位,全州有农牧场86000个,农场面积占全州80%,属小麦带,小麦产量居全国之冠,有美国"粮仓"之称;高粱占第二位;干草占第四位;牛肉占第四位,猪肉占第八位。牛甚多,约七百万头,在五十州内列第四位。平均每一州民可有牛三头。

威奇托是堪萨斯州最大城市和制造业中心,以食品加工、炼油和小型飞机制造着称;其次是堪萨斯城,是本州东北部工商业城市,牲畜集散和肉类加工中心。横贯大陆铁路和公路通过堪萨斯州,州内外联系方便。设有堪萨斯大学、堪萨斯州立大学等数所院校。

全州有4300家制造厂和加工厂,能生产从飞机到锌铸件等各种产品,威奇托市拥有世界最大的野营用具厂,以生产加热供暖设备、空调设备和履带式雪上汽车著称。其他重要产品有婴儿食品、宠物食品、运输设备、非电气机器制造、活动房屋、拖车房屋、轮胎、颜料和洗碟机。

海斯市(Hays)是堪萨斯州西北方最大的城市,提供堪萨斯州西北区当地居民医疗,教育,和工商业所需。位于该市的福特海斯州立大学(Fort Hays State University)在堪萨斯西北部乃至全州扮演着重要的经济角色,为堪萨斯州提供各方面的人才,促进区域发展。

面粉加工制造业在工业中占重要地位,肉类罐头加工业发展迅速。矿产资源丰富,盛产石油、天然气、烟煤、锌、铅和白垩,产量均富。木材有橡树木及核桃木。在本州中部之奥提斯有世界最大之制氦工厂。

折叠 编辑本段 文化

托皮卡和威奇托两个城市都有交响乐团。位于坎科底亚(Concordia)的布朗大歌剧院、位于劳伦斯的劳伦斯艺术中心及位于威奇托的第二世纪剧院旨有音乐会、戏居及其他的表演。堪萨斯州每年都会举行许多艺术节,像在林兹伯格举行的弥赛亚节、在温尔德举行的核桃谷蓝草节、在曼哈顿举行的堪萨斯州民节。

堪萨斯州的艺术博物馆有:威奇托艺术博物馆、位于堪萨斯州立大学的海伦史本瑟艺术博物馆、劳伦斯艺术中心、位于威奇托州立大学的艾德温尤瑞奇艺术博物馆、位于沃西本恩大学的穆文艺博物馆。堪萨斯州其他的博物馆还有:位于哈奇森(Hutchison)的堪萨斯守宇宙及太空中心、位于威奇托的科学中心、位于霍斯德(Halstead)的堪萨斯健康博物馆、位于堪萨斯大学的人类学博物馆。以及位于海斯(Hays)市福特海斯州立大学(Fort Hays State University)的自然历史博物馆。

折叠 编辑本段 宗教

宗教上,堪萨斯州居民大多是新教徒。

71% 新教徒(Protestant)、17% 罗马天主教徒(Roman Catholic)、2% 其他基督教徒(Other Christian)、1% 其他宗教教徒(Other Religions)、5% 无信仰(Non-Religious)。

在堪萨斯州的新教徒中,前三大派别为:浸礼会(Baptist):16%、卫理公会(Methodist):15%、路德会(Lutheran):5%。

折叠 编辑本段 教育

州立大学

堪萨斯大学(University of Kansas)

堪萨斯州立大学(Kansas State University)

福特海斯州立大学(Fort Hays State University)

卫奇塔州立大学(Wichita State University)

恩波利亚州立大学(Emporia State University)

匹兹堡州立大学(Pittsburg State University)

其中堪萨斯州立大学位于堪萨斯州曼哈顿市,是堪萨斯州第一所公立大学,也是一所被国际认可的综合性学校,提供优秀的学术课程。特色专业包括建筑学、会计、大众传媒等。

福特海斯州立大学被列入中华人民共和国教育部第一批认可的在中国境内授予境外学士学位的外国学校名单中, 并且在全球30多个国家都有各类合作项目,是堪萨斯州高等教育国际化的先驱。其特色专业为:平面设计、农业科技、领导学、心理学等。

私立大学

贝克大学(Baker University)

伯纳狄汀学院(Benedictine College)

贝色尼学院(Bethany College)

贝瑟学院(Bethal College)

朋友大学(Friends University)

堪萨斯纽曼学院(Kansas Newman College)

迈克佛森学院(McPherson College)

渥太华大学(Ottawa University)

圣马莉学院(St. Mary College)

西南学院(Southwestern College)

史德林学院(Sterling College)

泰柏学院(Tabor College)

托贝卡沃西本恩大学(Washburn University of Topeka)

私立高中

校名

学费

麦尔学院 (Maur Hill-Mount Academy)

$21,250

圣约翰军事学校(St. John's Military School)

$34,100

托马斯摩尔中学 (Thomas More Prep-Marian)

$25,000

折叠 编辑本段 交通

重要机场

堪萨斯市国际机场 Kansas City International Airport, 堪萨斯城

Wichita Mid-Continent Airport, 威奇塔

重要高速公路

35号州际公路

70号州际公路

折叠 编辑本段 旅游景点

西南牲畜博览会,六楼博物馆,博览公园,医学展馆,天文馆,堪萨斯立体电影院,非裔美国人博物馆,迪普埃伦现场音乐中心,达拉斯艺术区,达拉斯艺术博物馆,达拉斯别墅,阴谋博物馆,南弗克牧场,太阳舞广场,牲畜围栏国家历史保护区,牲畜博物馆,奇泽姆牛车道壁画,福特渥斯国际机场,六旗主题公园,棒球传奇博物馆,自然科学公园,阿灵顿棒球场,摩天轮。

国家公园

美国中部国家公园

堪萨斯州主要景观:(A)波状起伏的广大麦田(冬小麦)。(B)牧场里到处散布着牛群。(C)农舍之旁建有高耸的谷仓及秣草仓。(D)油田区内有数不清的油井铁架。

折叠 编辑本段 重要城镇

托皮卡(Topeka)

威奇塔(Wichita)

曼哈顿Manhattan

莱文沃思Leavenworth

劳伦斯Lawrence

哈钦森Hutchinson

阿比林Abilene

折叠 编辑本段 体育团体

美式足球

NCAA

堪萨斯大学 (University of Kansas) (Jayhawks)

堪萨斯州立大学 (Kansas State University) (Wildcats)

篮球

NCAA

堪萨斯大学 (University of Kansas) (Jayhawks)

堪萨斯州立大学 (Kansas State University) (Wildcats)

堪萨斯大学 (University of Kansas) (Lady Jayhawks)

棒球

小联盟

威奇塔牛仔(Wichita Wranglers,2A级德州联盟,母队:堪萨斯市皇家)

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