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弥赛亚 - 亨德尔创作的清唱剧 免费编辑 修改义项名

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由亨德尔所创作的"弥赛亚"可说是全世界被演唱最多的清唱剧(包括以英文及其他许多语言,当然英文唱的最多),也是基督徒耳熟能详的圣乐。

基本信息

  • 中文名

    弥赛亚

  • 外文名

    The Messiah

  • 作者

    亨德尔

  • 剧种

    清唱剧

折叠 编辑本段 作品简介

亨德尔的清唱剧创作远从1708年即开始,一生约有两大作品,除了两首以意大利文写作之外,其他都以英文的脚本为依据。取材大多出自圣经。如:以斯帖、底波拉、扫罗王、以色列人在埃及、约书亚、参孙、所罗门王、耶弗他、犹大马加比亚斯等,最后一首是譬喻式的 (Allegorical)"时间与真理的胜利"(The Triumph of Time and Truth)(1757年)。

至于"弥赛亚"却是独树一格的作品,是一首包含了旧约及新约,注重灵修、思考有关救主"弥赛亚"的作品,写的是关于基督的诞生,受难,复活,但没有故事情节,用一种间接,象征性的方式叙述。其咏叹调丰富而独创,旋律常加上非常动听的华饰和拖腔,以加强情感的抒发;合唱简朴深厚,常让复调与主调织体交替出现,和声坚实有力。这部清唱剧的全部曲谱是在一个月内完成的,这实在是神速。

亨德尔的"弥赛亚"可说是全世界被演唱最多的清唱剧(包括以英文及其他许多语言,当然英文唱的最多),也是基督徒耳熟能详的圣乐;其中之"Alleluia"大合唱,更是许多大大小小的合唱团、圣歌队唱过或试著去唱,许多人都能"倒背如流"的曲子。而演出的人数,首演时有18人诗班(6位男童女高音,12位男性演唱者中有4位唱女低音、4位男高音、 4位男低音),共使用了33件乐器──12支小提琴、 4支中提琴、 3支大提琴、2支低音大提琴、4支双簧管、4支巴松管、2支小喇叭、1组定音鼓、1架管风琴。这是1742年4月13日在爱尔兰首都都柏林首演的编制。

《弥赛亚》公演之夜,当演唱到第二幕终曲《哈里路亚大合唱》时,包厢里的英国国王肃然起立跟着合唱,于是全场随之起立合唱。因此形成一个惯例:此后《弥赛亚》每次公演到第二幕终曲时,都是全场起立齐唱《哈里路亚大合唱》。

莫扎特在1789年重编的乐谱,使后来演出的人数大增,同年在伦敦就有275 位人声及248件乐器的记录。而1859年在伦敦的亨德尔100年逝世纪念会时,合唱团高达 2765人、乐器460件。1869年在美国波士顿"和平日节庆"演出时,更曾有过一万人大合唱"Alleluia"、500件乐器伴奏的记录。在台湾YMCA的Oratorio Chorus每年连续不断地于12月间推出,今年将是第50周年的演出,"弥赛亚"受欢迎的程度于此可见一斑。此外甚至有所谓的"弥赛亚大合唱节庆",就如在美国普林斯顿的西敏寺音乐学院,常常邀请普林斯顿附近的居民,自备乐谱参加大合唱,英国的伦敦也常有此盛况,人数有时多达2000人。

当然,世上有许多贫穷的人,也因著"弥赛亚"的演出而多少获得些帮助,许多医院更因而被建造或改建。世界上各个角落每年都有人因为唱"弥赛亚"而获得心灵上的鼓舞,产生更多向上迈进的力量。许多基督徒因为听了它而更爱主、爱人。也有不少非基督徒(特别是大专院校的合唱团员)因为参与了"弥赛亚"的演出而深受感动,决心追求真理、用音乐服事世人;福音的种子撒播在各种数不尽的,唱过、听过"Messiah"的人心田之中,任何适当的时期,都可能发芽开花而结果。

折叠 编辑本段 作品详情

折叠 第一部分

1.Sinfonia (Overture) 4:47

2.Comfort ye, my people (Tenor) 3:38

Comfort ye, comfort ye, My people, saith your God; speak

ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her

warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity ispardoned;

...The voice of him that cried in the wilderness:

Prepare ye the

way of the Lord; make straight in the desert a highway

for our God.

你们的上帝说:"你们要安慰,安慰我的百姓。要对耶路撒冷

安慰的话,又向她宣告说:她争战的日子已满了,她的

罪孽赦免了,...在旷野有人声喊着说:当预备耶和华的路,在沙

漠地修平我们上帝的道。

Isaiah 40:1-3

3.Every valley shall be exhalted (Tenor) 3:32

Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and

hill made low, the crooked straight and the rough places

plain.

一切山洼都要填满,大小山冈都要削平,高高低低的要改为平坦

,崎崎岖岖的必成为平原。

saiah 40:4

4.And the glory of the Lord (Chorus) 3:36

And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all

flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the Lord

hath spoken

it.

耶和华的荣耀必然显现,凡有血气的,必一同看见,因为这是耶

和华亲口说的。

Isaiah 40:5

5.Thus saith the Lord (Bass) 1:52

Thus saith the Lord of Hosts: Yet once a little while

and I will shake the heavens and the earth, the sea and

the dry

land; and I will shake all nations;and the desire of all

nations shall come.

万军之耶和华如此说:"过不多时,我必再一次震动天地、沧海

与旱地。我必震动万国;万国的珍宝,必都运来。"

Haggai 2:6-7

The Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his

temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye

delight

in; behold, He shall come, saith the Lord of Hosts.

万军之耶和华说:"你们所寻求的主,必忽然进入他的殿;立约

的使者,就是你们所仰慕的,快要来到。"

Malachi 3:1

6.But who may abide (Bass) 5:01

But who may abide the day of his coming and who shall

stand when He appeareth? For He is like a refiner's

fire.

他来的日子,谁能当得起呢?他显现的时候,谁能立得住呢?因

为他如炼金之人的火。

Malachi 3:2

7.And He shall purify (Chorus) 3:11

And He shall purify the sons of Levy, that they may

offer unto the Lord an offering of righteousness.

他必洁净利未人,他们就凭公义献供物给耶和华。

Malachi 3:3

8.Behold, a virgin shall conceive (Contralto) 0:43

Behold! A virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and

shall call his name Emmanuel, God with us.

必有童女怀孕生子,给他起名叫以马内利,上帝与我们同在。

Isaiah 7:14(cf Matthew 1:23)

9.O thou that tellest good tidings to Zion (Chorus) 7:22

O thou that tellest good tidings of Zion, get thee up

into the high mountain; O thou that tellest good tidings

to

Jerusalem, lift up thy voice with strength;

lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah,

Behold your God! Isaiah 40:9

报好信息给锡安的啊,你要登高山,报好信息给耶路撒冷的啊,

你要极力扬声。扬声不要惧怕,对犹大的城邑说:"看

哪,你们的上帝。"

Arise, shine, for thy light is come, and the glory of

the Lord is risen upon thee. Isaiah 60:1

兴起!发光!因为你的光已经来到,耶和华的荣耀发现照耀你。

10.For behold, darkness shall cover the earth (Bass)

2:59

For, behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and gross

darkness the people; but the Lord shall arise upon thee;

and

His glory shall be seen upon thee, and the Gentiles

shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of

thy rising.

Isaiah 60:2-3

看哪!黑暗遮盖大地,幽暗遮盖万民,耶和华却要显现照耀你,

他的荣耀要现在你身上。万国要来就你的光,君王要来

就你发现的光辉。

11.The people that walked in darkness (Bass) 4:51

The people that walked in darkness have seen a great

light; and they that dwell in the land of the shadow of

death,

upon them hath the light shined.

Isaiah 9:2

在黑暗中行走的百姓看见了大光;住在死荫之地的人有光照耀他

们。

12.For unto us a child is born (Chorus) 4:49

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given, and

the government shall be upon his shoulder; and his name

shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, the Mighty God,

the everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace. Isaiah 9:6

因有一婴孩为我们而生,有一子赐给我们,政权必担在他的肩头

上。他名称为奇妙、策士、全能的上帝、永在的父、和

平的君。

13.Pifa (Pastoral Symphony) 4:37

14.There were shepherds (Soprano) 0:59

There were shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch

over their flocks by night, And lo! the angel of the

Lord

came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round

about them, and they were sore afraid.

野地里有牧羊的人,夜间按着更次看守羊群。看哪!有主的使者

站在他们旁边,主的荣光四面照着他们。牧羊的人就甚

惧怕。

Luke 2:8-9

15.And the angel said unto them (Soprano) 0:53

And the Angel said unto them, Fear not; for behold I

bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to

all people;

for unto you is born this day in the city of David, a

Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.

那天使对他们说:"不要惧怕,我报给你们大喜的信息,是关乎

万民的,因今天在大卫的城里,为你们生了救主,就是

主基督。"

Luke 2:10-11

16.And suddenly there was with the angel (Soprano) 0:21

And suddenly there was with the Angel a multitude of the

heavenly host, praising God and saying: ...

忽然,有一大队天兵同那天使赞美上帝说: Luke 2:13

17.Glory to God in the highest (Chorus) 2:17

Glory to God in the highest, and peace on earth,

goodwill towards men.

在至高之处荣耀归于上帝,在地上平安归于他所喜悦的人。

Luke 2:14

18.Rejoice greatly oh daughters of Zion (Soprano) 4:32

Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter

of Jerusalem! Behold, thy King cometh unto thee! He is

the

righteous Saviour, and He shall speak peace unto the

heathen.

锡安的民哪,应当大大喜乐;耶路撒冷的民哪,应当欢呼。看哪

,你的王来到你这里。他是公义的,并且实行拯救。他

必向列国讲和平。

Zechariah 9:9-10

19.Then shall the eyes of the blind (Contralto) 0:31

Then shall the eyes of the blind be opened, and the ears

of the deaf unstopped;

then shall the lame leap as a hart, and the tongue of

the dumb shall sing.

那时瞎子的眼必睁开,聋子的耳必开通。那时瘸子必跳跃象鹿,

哑巴的舌头必能歌唱。 Isaiah 35:5-6

20.He shall feed His flock (Contralto & Soprano) 6:12

He shall feed his flock like a shepherd, and He shall

gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his

bosom, and

gently lead those that are with young.

他必象牧人牧羊自己的羊群,用膀臂聚集羊羔抱在怀中,慢慢引

导那乳养小羊的。 Isaiah 40:11

Come unto him, all ye that labour and are heavy laden,

and He will give you rest. Take his yoke upon you, and

learn

of him, for He is meek and lowly of heart, and ye shall

find rest unto your souls.

凡劳苦担重担的人,可以到他这里来,他就使你们得安息。你们

当负他的轭,学他的样式,这样,你们心里就必得享安

息。

Matthew 11:28-29

21.His yoke is easy (Chorus) 3:03

His yoke is easy, and His burthen is light.

因为他的轭是容易的,他的担子是轻省的。

Matthew 11:30

折叠 第二部分

22. Behold the Lamb of God (Chorus) 4:08

Behold the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the

world.

看哪!上帝的羔羊,除去世人罪孽的。

John 1:29

23.He was despised (Contralto) 6:02

He was despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows,

and acquainted with grief.

他被藐视,被人厌弃,多受痛苦,常经忧患。

Isaiah 53:3

24.Surely, He hath borne our griefs (Chorus) 2:59

Surely He hath borne our griefs, and carried our

sorrows! He was wounded for our transgressions; He was

bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our

peace was upon Him.

他诚然担当我们的忧患,背负我们的痛苦。他为我们的过犯受害

,为我们的罪孽压伤。因他受的刑法我们得平安。

Isaiah 53:4-5

25.And with His stripes (Chorus) 2:21

And with His stripes we are healed.

因他受的鞭伤我们得医治。

Isaiah 53:5

26.All we like sheep have gone astray (Chorus) 4:02

All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every

one to his own way. And the Lord hath laid on Him the

iniquity of us all.

我们都如羊走迷,各人偏行己路,耶和华使我们的罪孽都归在他

身上。

Isaiah 53:6

27.All they that see Him (Tenor) 0:53

All they that see him, laugh Him to scorn; they shoot

out their lips, and shake their heads saying:...

凡看见他的都嗤笑他。他们撇嘴摇头,说:

Psalm 22:7

28.He trusted in God (Chorus) 2:24

...He trusted in God that He would deliver him; let Him

deliver him, if He delight in him.

他把自己交托耶和华,耶和华可以救他吧!耶和华既喜悦他,可

以搭救他吧!

Psalm 22:8 (cf Matthew 27:43)

29.Thy rebuke hath broken His heart (Tenor) 2:39

Thy rebuke hath broken His heart; He is full of

heaviness. He looked for some to have pity on Him, but

there was no man, neither found He any to comfort Him.

辱骂伤破了他的心,他又满了忧愁;他指望有人体恤,却没有一

个;他指望有人安慰,却找不着一个。

Psalm 69:20

30.Behold and see if there be any (Tenor) 2:03

Behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto His

sorrow.

你们要观看,又象这临到他的痛苦没有?

Lamentations 1:12

31.He was cut off (Tenor) 0:26

He was cut off from the land of the living; for the

trangressions of Thy people was He stricken.

他从活人之地被剪除,是因我百姓的罪过。

Isaiah 53:8

32.But thou didst not leave (Tenor) 3:22

But Thou didst not leave His soul in hell; nor didst

Thou suffer Thy Holy One to see corruption.

他的灵魂不撇在阴间,他的肉身也不见朽坏。

Acts 2:31

33.Lift up your heads (Chorus) 3:13

Lift up your heads, O ye gates, and be ye lift up, ye

everlasting doors, and the King of Glory shall come in.

Who is the King of Glory? The Lord strong and mighty,

the Lord mighty in battle. Lift up your heads, O ye

gates, and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors, and the

King of Glory shall come in. Who is the King of Glory?

The Lord of Hosts, He is the King of Glory.

众城门哪,你们要抬起头来!永久的门户,你们要被举起!那荣

耀的王将要进来。荣耀的王是谁呢?就是又能有力的耶和华,在

战场上有能的耶和华。众城门哪,你们要抬起头来!永久的门户

,你们要把头抬起!那荣耀的王将要进来。荣耀的王是谁呢?万

军之耶和华,他是荣耀的王。

Psalm 24:7-10

34.Unto which of the angels (Tenor) 0:26

Unto which of the Angels said He at any time, Thou art

My son, this day have I begotten thee?

所有的天使,上帝从来对哪一个说:你是我的儿子,我今日生你

Hebrews 1:5

35.Let all the angels of God (Chorus) 1:37

Let all the angels of God worship Him.

上帝的使者都要拜他。 Hebrews 1:6

36.Thou art gone up on high (Bass) 3:59

Thou art gone up on high; Thou hast led captivity

captive, and received gifts for men, yea, even from

thine enemies, that the Lord God might dwell among them.

你已经升上高天,掳掠仇敌;你在人间,就是在悖逆的人间,受

了供献,叫耶和华上帝可以与他们同住。

Psalm 68:18 (cf Ephesians 4:8)

37.The Lord gave the word (Chorus) 1:12

The Lord gave the word, great was the company of the

preachers.

主发命令,传好信息的妇女成了大群。

Psalm 68:11

38.How beautiful are the feet (Soprano) 3:05

How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the

gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things.

报福音,传喜信的人,他们的脚踪何等佳美。

Romans 10:15

39.Their sound is gone out into all lands (Chorus) 1:43

Their sound is gone out into all lands, and their words

unto the ends of the world.

他们的声音传遍天下,他们的言语传到地极。

Romans 10:18

40.Why do the nations so furious rage (Bass) 2:53

Why do the nations so furiously rage together, and why

do the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the

earth rise up, and the rulers take counsel together

against the Lord, and against His Annointed.

外邦为什么争闹?万民为什么谋算虚妄的事?世上的君王一齐起

来,臣宰一同商议,要敌挡耶和华并他的受膏者。

Psalm 2:1-2

41.Let us break their bonds asunder (Chorus) 1:49

Let us break their bonds asunder, and cast away their

yokes from us.

我们要挣开他们的捆绑,脱去他们的绳索。 Psalm 2:3

42.He that dwelleth in Heaven (Tenor) 0:22

He that dwelleth in heaven shall laugh them to scorn;

the Lord shall have them in derision.

那坐在天上的必发笑,主必嗤笑他们。 Psalm 2:4

43.Thou shalt break them (Tenor) 2:10

Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; Thou shalt

dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

你必用铁杖打破他们,你必将他们如同窑匠的瓦器摔碎。

Psalm 2:9

44.Hallelujah (Chorus) 3:32

Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.

(Revelation 19:6b) The Kingdoms of this world are become

the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ; and He shall

reign for ever and ever. (Revelation 11:15b)

KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS. (Revelation 19:16b)

哈利路亚!因为主我们的上帝,全能者作王了。世上的国成了我

主和主基督的国;他要作王,直到永永远远。万王之王,万主之

主。

折叠 第三部分

45.I know that my Redeemer liveth (Soprano) 7:43

I know that my Redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand

at the latter day upon the earth; and though worms

destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God.

我知道我的救赎主活着,末了必站立在地上。我这皮肉灭绝之后

,我必在肉体之外得见上帝。

Job 19:25-26

For now is Christ risen from the dead, the first-fruits

of them that sleep.

基督已经从死里复活,成为睡了之人初熟的果子。

I Corinthians 15:20

46.Since by man came death (Chorus) 2:30

Since by man came death by man came also the

resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die even so

in Christ shall all be made alive.

死既是因一人而来,死人复活也是因一人而来,在亚当里众人都

死了,照样,在基督里众人也都要复活。

I Corinthians 15:21-22

47.Behold, I tell you a mystery (Bass) 0:42

Behold, I tell you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet.

我如今把一件奥秘的事告诉你们,我们不是都要睡觉,乃是都要改变,就在一霎时,眨眼之间,号筒末次吹响的时候。

I Corinthians 15:51-52

48.The trumpet shall sound (Bass) 4:20

The trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.

号筒要响,死人要复活,成为不朽坏的,我们也要改变,这必朽坏的总要变成不朽坏的,这必死的总要变成不死的。

I Corinthians 15:52-53

49.Then shall be brought to pass (Contralto) 0:21

Then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: Death is swallowed up in victory!

经上所记"死被得胜吞灭"的话就应验了。

I Corinthians 15:54

50.O death where is thy sting (Contralto & Tenor) 1:24

O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law.

死啊,你的毒钩在哪里?死啊,你得胜的权势在哪里?死的毒钩就是罪,罪的权势就是律法。

I Corinthians 15:55-56

51.But thanks be to God (Chorus) 2:22

But thanks be to God, who giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

感谢上帝,使我们藉着我们的主耶稣基督得胜。

I Corinthians 15:57

52.If God be for us (Soprano) 5:35

If God be for us, who can be against us? Who shall lay anything to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth, who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea, rather that is risen again, who makes intercession for us.

上帝若帮助我们,谁能敌挡我们呢?谁能控告上帝所拣选的人呢?有上帝称他们为义了。谁能定他们的罪呢?有基督耶稣已经死了,而且从死里复活,也替我们祈求。

Romans 8:31-34

53.Worthy is the Lamb (Chorus) 7:52

Worthy is the Lamb that was slain, and hath redeemed us to God by his blood, to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing. Blessing, and honour, glory and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb, for ever and ever. Amen.

曾被杀的羔羊,用自己的血买了人来归于上帝,是配得权柄、丰富、智慧、能力、尊贵、荣耀、颂赞的。颂赞、尊贵、荣耀、权势都归给坐宝座的和羔羊,直到永永远远。阿们!

Revelation 5:9, 12-14

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